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Open AccessArticle

The Influence of Maternal and Household Resources, and Parental Psychosocial Child Stimulation on Early Childhood Development: A Cross-Sectional Study of Children 36–59 Months in Honduras

1
Department of Health Promotion and Development, University of Bergen, 5020 Bergen, Norway
2
GOAL Honduras, 11101 Tegucigalpa, Honduras
3
Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH), Uppsala University, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
4
Population Council, Avenue 5, Rose Avenue, P.O. Box 17643-00500, Nairobi, Kenya
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 926; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050926
Received: 10 April 2018 / Revised: 10 April 2018 / Accepted: 2 May 2018 / Published: 7 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Health Needs of Vulnerable Children: Challenges and Solutions)
Optimal early childhood development (ECD) is currently jeopardized for more than 250 million children under five in low- and middle-income countries. The Sustainable Development Goals has called for a renewed emphasis on children’s wellbeing, encompassing a holistic approach that ensures nurturing care to facilitate optimal child development. In vulnerable contexts, the extent of a family’s available resources can influence a child’s potential of reaching its optimal development. Few studies have examined these relationships in low- and middle-income countries using nationally representative samples. The present paper explored the relationships between maternal and paternal psychosocial stimulation of the child as well as maternal and household resources and ECD among 2729 children 36–59 months old in Honduras. Data from the Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 2011–2012 was used. Adjusted logistic regression analyses showed that maternal psychosocial stimulation was positively and significantly associated with ECD in the full, rural, and lowest wealth quintile samples. These findings underscore the importance of maternal engagement in facilitating ECD but also highlight the role of context when designing tailored interventions to improve ECD. View Full-Text
Keywords: early childhood development; nurturing care; DHS; Honduras early childhood development; nurturing care; DHS; Honduras
MDPI and ACS Style

Urke, H.B.; Contreras, M.; Matanda, D.J. The Influence of Maternal and Household Resources, and Parental Psychosocial Child Stimulation on Early Childhood Development: A Cross-Sectional Study of Children 36–59 Months in Honduras. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 926.

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