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Weight Shame, Social Connection, and Depressive Symptoms in Late Adolescence

1
School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85284-2402, USA
2
School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 891; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050891
Received: 4 April 2018 / Revised: 18 April 2018 / Accepted: 28 April 2018 / Published: 1 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Obesity Prevention in Children and Adolescents)
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Abstract

Child and adolescent obesity is increasingly the focus of interventions, because it predicts serious disease morbidity later in life. However, social environments that permit weight-related stigma and body shame may make weight control and loss more difficult. Rarely do youth obesity interventions address these complexities. Drawing on repeated measures in a large sample (N = 1443) of first-year (freshman), campus-resident university students across a nine-month period, we model how weight-related shame predicts depressive symptom levels, how being overweight (assessed by anthropometric measures) shapes that risk, and how social connection (openness to friendship) might mediate/moderate. Body shame directly, clearly, and repeatedly predicts depression symptom levels across the whole school year for all students, but overweight youth have significantly elevated risk. Social connections mediate earlier in the school year, and in all phases moderate, body shame effects on depression. Youth obesity interventions would be well-served recognizing and incorporating the influential roles of social-environmental factors like weight stigma and friendship in program design. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; weight; adolescents; depression; friendship; peers; stigma; shame; intervention obesity; weight; adolescents; depression; friendship; peers; stigma; shame; intervention
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Brewis, A.A.; Bruening, M. Weight Shame, Social Connection, and Depressive Symptoms in Late Adolescence. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 891.

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