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Open AccessArticle

Decision Tree Approach to the Impact of Parents’ Oral Health on Dental Caries Experience in Children: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
School of Dentistry, College of Oral Medicine, Taipei Medical University, 250Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei 110, Taiwan
2
Department of Industrial Management, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, No. 43, Section 4, Jilong Road, Da’an District, Taipei 10607, Taiwan
3
Big Data Research Center, Asia University, Lioufeng Rd. 500,Wufeng, Taichung 41354, Taiwan
4
School of Oral Hygiene, College of Oral Medicine, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei 110, Taiwan
5
Department of Dentistry, Taipei Medical University Hospital, 250 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei 110, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(4), 692; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040692
Received: 21 March 2018 / Revised: 21 March 2018 / Accepted: 3 April 2018 / Published: 6 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Maternal and Child Health 2018)
Decision tree (DT) analysis was applied in this cross-sectional study to investigate caries experience in children by using clinical and microbiological data obtained from parent–child pairs. Thirty pairs of parents and children were recruited from periodontal and pediatric dental clinics. All participants were clinically examined for caries and periodontitis by a calibrated examiner. Cariogenic and periodontopathic bacteria examinations were conducted. The Kendall rank correlation coefficient was used to measure the association between data variables obtained through clinical and microbiological examinations. A classificatory inductive decision tree was generated using the C4.5 algorithm with the top-down approach. The C4.5 DT analysis was applied to classify major influential factors for children dental caries experience. The DT identified parents’ periodontal health classification, decayed, missing, filled permanent teeth (DMFT) index, periodontopathic test (PerioCheck) result, and periodontal pocket depth as the classification factors for children caries experience. 13.3% of children were identified with a low decayed, missing, filled primary teeth (dmft) index (dmft < 3) whose parents had a periodontal pocket depth ≤3.7, PerioCheck score >1, DMFT index <13.5, and periodontal classification >2. The DT model for this study sample had an accuracy of 93.33%. Here, parental periodontal status and parents’ DMFT were the factors forming the DT for children’s caries experience. View Full-Text
Keywords: early childhood caries; periodontitis; decision tree classification early childhood caries; periodontitis; decision tree classification
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dima, S.; Wang, K.-J.; Chen, K.-H.; Huang, Y.-K.; Chang, W.-J.; Lee, S.-Y.; Teng, N.-C. Decision Tree Approach to the Impact of Parents’ Oral Health on Dental Caries Experience in Children: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 692. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040692

AMA Style

Dima S, Wang K-J, Chen K-H, Huang Y-K, Chang W-J, Lee S-Y, Teng N-C. Decision Tree Approach to the Impact of Parents’ Oral Health on Dental Caries Experience in Children: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(4):692. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040692

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dima, Shinechimeg; Wang, Kung-Jeng; Chen, Kun-Huang; Huang, Yung-Kai; Chang, Wei-Jen; Lee, Sheng-Yang; Teng, Nai-Chia. 2018. "Decision Tree Approach to the Impact of Parents’ Oral Health on Dental Caries Experience in Children: A Cross-Sectional Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 4: 692. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040692

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