Next Article in Journal
The Health Halo Trend in UK Television Food Advertising Viewed by Children: The Rise of Implicit and Explicit Health Messaging in the Promotion of Unhealthy Foods
Next Article in Special Issue
The Roles of Motivation and Coping Behaviours in Managing Stress: Qualitative Interview Study of Hong Kong Expatriate Construction Professionals in Mainland China
Previous Article in Journal
Spatial and Temporal Dynamics in Air Pollution Exposure Assessment
Previous Article in Special Issue
What Can We Learn about Workplace Heat Stress Management from a Safety Regulator Complaints Database?
Open AccessArticle

The Role of Work-Related Factors in the Development of Psychological Distress and Associated Mental Disorders: Differential Views of Human Resource Managers, Occupational Physicians, Primary Care Physicians and Psychotherapists in Germany

1
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical University Hospital Tuebingen, University of Tuebingen, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
2
Research Centre for Occupational and Social Medicine (FFAS), 79098 Freiburg, Germany
3
Institute of Occupational and Social Medicine and Health Services Research, University Hospital of Tuebingen, 72074 Tuebingen, Germany
4
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Ulm, University of Ulm, 89081 Ulm, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(3), 559; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030559
Received: 15 January 2018 / Revised: 1 March 2018 / Accepted: 14 March 2018 / Published: 20 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Issues in Occupational Safety and Health)
Objectives: This study analyses the perceived relevance of stress-dimensions in work-settings from the differential views of Human Resource Managers (HRM), Occupational Physicians (OP), Primary Care Physicians (PCP) and Psychotherapists (PT) in Germany. Methods: Cross-sectional study design, using a self-report questionnaire. Descriptive measures and explorative bivariate methods were applied for group-comparisons. Results are presented as rankings of perceived importance and as polarity profiles of contrasting views. Results: N = 627 participants completed the questionnaires (HRM: n = 172; OP: n = 133; PCP: n = 136; PT: n = 186). The stress dimensions with the highest mean ratings across all four professions were: ‘social relationships in the work place’ (M = 3.55, SD = 0.62) and ‘superiors´ leadership style’ (M = 3.54, SD = 0.64). Mean ratings of perceived relevance of stress dimensions differed most between HRM and the three medical professions. Conclusions: The perceived importance of work-related stress-dimensions seems to be higher in the medical disciplines (OP, PCP, PT) than in the group from the management sector (HRM). However, no fundamental disagreement on the role of work-related stress-dimensions seems to hinder e.g., intensified efforts of cooperation across sectors in tackling the “stress-pandemic” and improving the (mental) health of employees. View Full-Text
Keywords: work related stress; employees; occupational physicians; primary care physicians; psychotherapists; human resource managers work related stress; employees; occupational physicians; primary care physicians; psychotherapists; human resource managers
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Junne, F.; Michaelis, M.; Rothermund, E.; Stuber, F.; Gündel, H.; Zipfel, S.; Rieger, M.A. The Role of Work-Related Factors in the Development of Psychological Distress and Associated Mental Disorders: Differential Views of Human Resource Managers, Occupational Physicians, Primary Care Physicians and Psychotherapists in Germany. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 559.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop