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Open AccessCommentary

Commonalities between Disaster and Climate Change Risks for Health: A Theoretical Framework

1
Centre for Environment and Population Health, School of Environment, Griffith University, Brisbane 4111, Australia
2
Griffith Climate Change Response Program, Griffith University, Gold Coast City 4222, Australia
3
UK Climate Impacts Programme, Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK
4
Centre for Environment and Population Health, School of Medicine, Griffith University, Brisbane 4111, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(3), 538; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030538
Received: 6 February 2018 / Revised: 8 March 2018 / Accepted: 13 March 2018 / Published: 16 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Public Health and Disasters)
Disasters and climate change have significant implications for human health worldwide. Both climate change and the climate-sensitive hazards that result in disasters, are discussed in terms of direct and indirect impacts on health. A growing body of literature has argued for the need to link disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation. However, there is limited articulation of the commonalities between these health impacts. Understanding the shared risk pathways is an important starting point for developing joint strategies for adapting to, and reducing, health risks. Therefore, this article discusses the common aspects of direct and indirect health risks of climate change and climate-sensitive disasters. Based on this discussion a theoretical framework is presented for understanding these commonalities. As such, this article hopes to extend the current health impact frameworks and provide a platform for further research exploring opportunities for linked adaptation and risk reduction strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: health; public health; disaster; climate change; disaster risk reduction; climate change adaptation; health impacts; risk; emergency health; public health; disaster; climate change; disaster risk reduction; climate change adaptation; health impacts; risk; emergency
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Banwell, N.; Rutherford, S.; Mackey, B.; Street, R.; Chu, C. Commonalities between Disaster and Climate Change Risks for Health: A Theoretical Framework. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 538.

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