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Open AccessArticle

The Health Consequences of Social Mobility in Contemporary China

by Fei Yan 1, Guangye He 2,* and Yunsong Chen 2,*
1
Department of Sociology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2
Department of Sociology, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(12), 2644; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122644
Received: 18 October 2018 / Revised: 21 November 2018 / Accepted: 23 November 2018 / Published: 26 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Poverty, Inequality and Public Health in China)
Although numerous studies have shown the importance of an individual’s socioeconomic status on his or her self-rated health status, less well-known is whether self-perceived class mobility, a measure highly correlated with an individual’s de facto social class and past mobility experiences, affects self-rated health. In this paper, we attempt to fill the gap by examining how perception of class mobility is associated with self-rated health. Using eight waves of Chinese General Social Survey data spanning the years 2005 to 2015, we conducted an analysis at the micro (individual) level and the macro (provincial) level. Analyses at both levels yielded consistent results. At the individual level, we employed ordered logistic regression and found that the perception of experiencing downward mobility was associated with significantly lower self-rated health in both rural and urban areas compared with those who consider themselves to be upwardly mobile or immobile. At the provincial level, the findings from static panel analysis further revealed that there is a positive relationship between the self-perceived class mobility and self-rated health level. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-rated health; social mobility; China; upward mobility; downward mobility self-rated health; social mobility; China; upward mobility; downward mobility
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Yan, F.; He, G.; Chen, Y. The Health Consequences of Social Mobility in Contemporary China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2644.

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