Next Article in Journal
Bacterioneuston in Lake Baikal: Abundance, Spatial and Temporal Distribution
Next Article in Special Issue
A Fuzzy Comprehensive Assessment and Hierarchical Management System for Urban Lake Health: A Case Study on the Lakes in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China
Previous Article in Journal
A Comparison of Waste Stability Indices for Mechanical–Biological Waste Treatment and Composting Plants
Previous Article in Special Issue
Aircraft-Assisted Pilot Suicides in the General Aviation Increased for One-Year Period after 11 September 2001 Attack in the United States
Article

Body Mass Index and Helicobacter pylori among Obese and Non-Obese Patients in Najran, Saudi Arabia: A Case-Control Study

1
Department of Medicine, Endoscopy Unit, King Khalid Hospital, Najran 1120, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Surgery, Bariatric Surgery, King Khalid Hospital-Najran 1120, Saudi Arabia
3
Department of Surgery, Najran University Medical College and Hospital, Najran 1988, Saudi Arabia
4
Department of Internal Medicine; Najran University Medical College and Hospital, Nagran 1988, Saudi Arabia
5
Department of Internal Medicine, Taibah University Medical College, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah 42353, Saudi Arabia
6
Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, Taibah University Dental College and Hospital, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah 42353, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2586; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112586
Received: 12 October 2018 / Revised: 13 November 2018 / Accepted: 16 November 2018 / Published: 19 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue IJERPH: 15th Anniversary)
Objective: We examine obese and non-obese patients with respect to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) positive-infection (HPPI) and associated factors, specifically body mass index (BMI). Methods: This study took place in the Department of Endoscopy of a central hospital in the Najran region of Saudi Arabia (SA). A total of 340 obese Saudi patients (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) who had undergone diagnostic upper endoscopy before sleeve gastrectomy, were compared with 340 age and gender-matched control patients (BMI < 30 kg/m2) who had undergone diagnostic upper endoscopy for other reasons. Data collected included diagnosis of HPPI. Descriptive and multivariable binary logistic regression was conducted. Results: Mean patient age was 31.22 ± 8.10 years, and 65% were males. The total prevalence of HPPI was 58% (95% CI = 54–61%) with obese patients presenting significantly more HPPI than non-obese patients (66% vs. 50%, OR = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.45–2.70, p < 0.0005). Age and gender did not associate significantly with HPPI (p = 0.659, 0.200, respectively) and increases in BMI associated significantly with increases in HPPI (p < 0.0005). BMI remained a significant factor in HPPI when modelled with both age and gender (OR = 1.022, 95% CI = 1.01–1.03, p < 0.0005). Conclusions: Within the limitations of this study, the significance of HPPI in obese Saudi patients residing in the Najran region in SA was demonstrated alongside the significance role of BMI in HPPI. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; endoscopy; Helicobacter pylori; BMI; Saudi patients obesity; endoscopy; Helicobacter pylori; BMI; Saudi patients
MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Zubaidi, A.M.; Alzobydi, A.H.; Alsareii, S.A.; Al-Shahrani, A.; Alzaman, N.; Kassim, S. Body Mass Index and Helicobacter pylori among Obese and Non-Obese Patients in Najran, Saudi Arabia: A Case-Control Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2586. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112586

AMA Style

Al-Zubaidi AM, Alzobydi AH, Alsareii SA, Al-Shahrani A, Alzaman N, Kassim S. Body Mass Index and Helicobacter pylori among Obese and Non-Obese Patients in Najran, Saudi Arabia: A Case-Control Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(11):2586. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112586

Chicago/Turabian Style

Al-Zubaidi, Ali M., Abdo H. Alzobydi, Saeed A. Alsareii, AbdulazizTurky Al-Shahrani, Naweed Alzaman, and Saba Kassim. 2018. "Body Mass Index and Helicobacter pylori among Obese and Non-Obese Patients in Najran, Saudi Arabia: A Case-Control Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 11: 2586. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112586

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop