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Open AccessArticle

Contribution of the Economic Crisis to the Risk Increase of Poor Mental Health in a Region of Spain

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Unidad mixta de investigación para el análisis de las desigualdades en salud y la mortalidad FISABIO-UA, University of Alicante, Campus de San Vicente del Raspeig s/n, Ap. 99, 03080 Alicante, Spain
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Conselleria de Sanitat Universal i Salut Pública, Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research in the Valencian Region (FISABIO), Generalitat Valenciana, 46020 Valencia, Spain
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CIBERSAM, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Teaching Unit of Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2517; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112517
Received: 13 October 2018 / Revised: 1 November 2018 / Accepted: 7 November 2018 / Published: 9 November 2018
Previous research suggests that the economic crisis can affect mental health. The purpose of this study was to analyse the association of risk of poor mental health with various socioeconomic, demographic, health, quality of life, and social support variables; and to evaluate the contribution of socioeconomic variables most affected by the beginning of the economic crisis (employment situation and income) on the changes in the prevalence of the risk of poor mental health between 2005 and 2010. A study of prevalence evolution in adult population residents of the Valencian Community in the Spanish Mediterranean was conducted. We studied 5781 subjects in 2005 and 3479 in 2010. Logistic regression models have been adjusted to analyse the association between variables. A standardisation procedure was carried out to evaluate which part of the changes in overall prevalence could be attributed to variations in the population structure by age, sex, employment status, and income between the years under study. The prevalence of GHQ+ increased from 2005 to 2010, in both men and women. Several variables were closely associated with the risk of poor mental health (sex, age, country of birth, number of nonmental chronic diseases, social support, disability, cohabitation in couple, employment status, and income). The changes produced as a result of the onset of the economic crisis in income and unemployment (increase in low income and in unemployment rates) contributed to the increase of poor mental health risk. This could confirm the sensitivity of mental health to the economic deterioration caused by the crisis. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic recession; mental health; health status disparities; Spain; GHQ economic recession; mental health; health status disparities; Spain; GHQ
MDPI and ACS Style

Tamayo-Fonseca, N.; Nolasco, A.; Moncho, J.; Barona, C.; Irles, M.Á.; Más, R.; Girón, M.; Gómez-Beneyto, M.; Pereyra-Zamora, P. Contribution of the Economic Crisis to the Risk Increase of Poor Mental Health in a Region of Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2517.

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