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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2473; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112473

The Challenges of Urban Ageing: Making Cities Age-Friendly in Europe

1
Faculty of Social Work & Education, The Hague University of Applied Sciences, Johanna Westerdijkplein 75, 2521 EN Den Haag, The Netherlands
2
Department of Spatial Economy, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Geodesy, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, ul. Grunwaldzka 55, 50-357 Wrocław, Poland
3
Institute of Sociology, Jagiellonian University, ul. Grodzka 52, 31-004 Kraków, Poland
4
School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Tranzo, Tilburg University, Professor Cobbenhagenlaan 125, 5037 DB Tilburg, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 October 2018 / Revised: 25 October 2018 / Accepted: 2 November 2018 / Published: 5 November 2018
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Abstract

Urban ageing is an emerging domain that deals with the population of older people living in cities. The ageing of society is a positive yet challenging phenomenon, as population ageing and urbanisation are the culmination of successful human development. One could argue whether the city environment is an ideal place for people to grow old and live at an old age compared to rural areas. This viewpoint article explores and describes the challenges that are encountered when making cities age-friendly in Europe. Such challenges include the creation of inclusive neighbourhoods and the implementation of technology for ageing-in-place. Examples from projects in two age-friendly cities in The Netherlands (The Hague) and Poland (Cracow) are shown to illustrate the potential of making cities more tuned to the needs of older people and identify important challenges for the next couple of years. Overall, the global ageing of urban populations calls for more age-friendly approaches to be implemented in our cities. It is a challenge to prepare for these developments in such a way that both current and future generations of older people can benefit from age-friendly strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: older adults; older people; cities; housing; technology; dementia-friendly; Poland; The Netherlands older adults; older people; cities; housing; technology; dementia-friendly; Poland; The Netherlands
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Van Hoof, J.; Kazak, J.K.; Perek-Białas, J.M.; Peek, S.T.M. The Challenges of Urban Ageing: Making Cities Age-Friendly in Europe. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2473.

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