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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2469; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112469

Healthy Diets in Rural Victoria—Cheaper than Unhealthy Alternatives, Yet Unaffordable

1
Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), Deakin University, Geelong 3220, Australia
2
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong 3220, Australia
3
School of Medicine, Global Obesity Centre, Deakin University, Geelong 3220, Australia
4
The Australian Prevention Partnership Centre (TAPPC), Sax Institute, Sydney 2007, Australia
5
School of Public Health, University of Queensland, Herston QLD 4006, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 September 2018 / Revised: 31 October 2018 / Accepted: 1 November 2018 / Published: 5 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Addressing Food and Nutrition Security in Developed Countries)
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Abstract

Rural communities experience higher rates of obesity and reduced food security compared with urban communities. The perception that healthy foods are expensive contributes to poor dietary choices. Providing an accessible, available, affordable healthy food supply is an equitable way to improve the nutritional quality of the diet for a community, however, local food supply data are rarely available for small rural towns. This study used the Healthy Diets ASAP tool to assess price, price differential and affordability of recommended (healthy) and current diets in a rural Local Government Area (LGA) (pop ≈ 7000; 10 towns) in Victoria, Australia. All retail food outlets were surveyed (n = 40). The four most populous towns had supermarkets; remaining towns had one general store each. Seven towns had café/take-away outlets, and all towns had at least one hotel/pub. For all towns the current unhealthy diet was more expensive than the recommended healthy diet, with 59.5% of the current food budget spent on discretionary items. Affordability of the healthy diet accounted for 30–32% of disposable income. This study confirms that while a healthy diet is less expensive than the current unhealthier diet, affordability is a challenge for rural communities. Food security is reduced further with restricted geographical access, a limited healthy food supply, and higher food prices. View Full-Text
Keywords: Healthy Diets ASAP tool; food security; food prices; diet affordability; rural communities; INFORMAS Healthy Diets ASAP tool; food security; food prices; diet affordability; rural communities; INFORMAS
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Love, P.; Whelan, J.; Bell, C.; Grainger, F.; Russell, C.; Lewis, M.; Lee, A. Healthy Diets in Rural Victoria—Cheaper than Unhealthy Alternatives, Yet Unaffordable. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2469.

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