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Open AccessArticle

Adolescents’ Aided Recall of Targeted and Non-Targeted Tobacco Communication Campaigns in the United States

1
Department of Family Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
2
School of Media and Journalism, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
3
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2363; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112363
Received: 26 September 2018 / Revised: 16 October 2018 / Accepted: 19 October 2018 / Published: 25 October 2018
We examined whether advertisements from two national tobacco control campaigns targeting adolescents (i.e., The Real Cost, Fresh Empire) and one campaign targeting adults (i.e., Tips from Former Smokers) were reaching adolescents. Data came from a national sample of adolescents aged 13 to 17 years (n = 975) surveyed by phone from August 2016 to May 2017. We assessed recall and attitudes toward five specific advertisements and three campaign slogans and examined differences by sub-groups. Almost all (95%) adolescents recalled seeing at least one campaign advertisement. Aided recall of The Real Cost and Tips from Former Smokers slogans was high (65.5% and 71.6%, respectively), while aided recall of Fresh Empire slogan was lower (15.3%) (χ2 p-value: p < 0.001); however, Black adolescents had higher odds of recalling the Fresh Empire ad (aOR: 2.28, 95% CI: 1.39, 3.73) and slogan (aOR: 2.64, 95% CI: 1.06, 6.54) compared to White adolescents. Increased exposure to the advertisements (i.e., recalling more advertisements) was significantly associated with higher odds of reporting negative feelings toward tobacco products in 4/5 models (aORs from 1.34 to 1.61). Large-scale national campaigns can have wide reach among both targeted and non-targeted audiences with added benefits for cumulative cross-campaign exposure to advertisements. View Full-Text
Keywords: tobacco prevention and control; communication campaigns; United States; adolescents tobacco prevention and control; communication campaigns; United States; adolescents
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kowitt, S.D.; Lazard, A.J.; Queen, T.L.; Noar, S.M.; Goldstein, A.O. Adolescents’ Aided Recall of Targeted and Non-Targeted Tobacco Communication Campaigns in the United States. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2363. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112363

AMA Style

Kowitt SD, Lazard AJ, Queen TL, Noar SM, Goldstein AO. Adolescents’ Aided Recall of Targeted and Non-Targeted Tobacco Communication Campaigns in the United States. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(11):2363. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112363

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kowitt, Sarah D.; Lazard, Allison J.; Queen, Tara L.; Noar, Seth M.; Goldstein, Adam O. 2018. "Adolescents’ Aided Recall of Targeted and Non-Targeted Tobacco Communication Campaigns in the United States" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 11: 2363. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112363

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