Next Article in Journal
A Study of the Relationships between the Characteristics of the Village Population Structure and Rural Residential Solid Waste Collection Services: Evidence from China
Next Article in Special Issue
Environmental Co-Exposure to Lead and Manganese and Intellectual Deficit in School-Aged Children
Previous Article in Journal
Managerial Areas of Construction and Demolition Waste: A Scientometric Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sex-Dependent Impact of Low-Level Lead Exposure during Prenatal Period on Child Psychomotor Functions
 
 
Commentary

Lead Exposure in Low and Middle-Income Countries: Perspectives and Lessons on Patterns, Injustices, Economics, and Politics

1
Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
2
Division of Health Services Policy and Practice, Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
3
Department of Political Science, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2351; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112351
Received: 27 September 2018 / Revised: 19 October 2018 / Accepted: 21 October 2018 / Published: 24 October 2018
Lead exposure is a legacy issue that continues to affect vulnerable population groups globally, but particularly in low and middle-income countries (LMICS). We take a multi-disciplinary approach to examine the patterns of lead exposure in these countries, discuss the underlying injustices and socio-political causes, and the economic costs that are associated with exposure. We conclude with some lessons we drew from our discussion of lead across the disciplines and advocate for a number of approaches to solving this ongoing issue. These include (i) biomonitoring that could be integrated into existing health surveys or public health programs targeting young children; (ii) greater civic engagement to push for solutions; and, (iii) environmental control policies that represent a continuum of local, context-specific to broad, national-level, and even global approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: lead; low and middle-income country (LMIC); economic burden; environmental injustice; politics lead; low and middle-income country (LMIC); economic burden; environmental injustice; politics
MDPI and ACS Style

Kordas, K.; Ravenscroft, J.; Cao, Y.; McLean, E.V. Lead Exposure in Low and Middle-Income Countries: Perspectives and Lessons on Patterns, Injustices, Economics, and Politics. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2351. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112351

AMA Style

Kordas K, Ravenscroft J, Cao Y, McLean EV. Lead Exposure in Low and Middle-Income Countries: Perspectives and Lessons on Patterns, Injustices, Economics, and Politics. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(11):2351. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112351

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kordas, Katarzyna, Julia Ravenscroft, Ying Cao, and Elena V. McLean. 2018. "Lead Exposure in Low and Middle-Income Countries: Perspectives and Lessons on Patterns, Injustices, Economics, and Politics" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 11: 2351. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112351

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop