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Open AccessReview

Management of Pediatric Febrile Seizures

Pediatric Clinic, Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Piazza L. Severi 1, 06132 Perugia, Italy
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2232; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102232
Received: 30 August 2018 / Revised: 8 October 2018 / Accepted: 9 October 2018 / Published: 12 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Febrile seizures (FS), events associated with a fever in the absence of an intracranial infection, hypoglycaemia, or an acute electrolyte imbalance, occur in children between six months and six years of age. FS are the most common type of convulsions in children. FS can be extremely frightening for parents, even if they are generally harmless for children, making it important to address parental anxiety in the most sensitive manner. The aim of this review was to focus on the management of FS in the pediatric age. An analysis of the literature showed that most children with FS have an excellent prognosis, and few develop long-term health problems. The diagnosis of FS is clinical, and it is important to exclude intracranial infections, in particular after a complex FS. Management consists of symptom control and treating the cause of the fever. Parents and caregivers are often distressed and frightened after a FS occurs and need to be appropriately informed and guided on the management of their child’s fever by healthcare professionals. Due to the inappropriate use of diagnostic tests and treatments, it is extremely important to improve the knowledge of pediatricians and neurologists on FS management and to standardize the diagnostic and therapeutic work-up. View Full-Text
Keywords: convulsion; epilepsy; febrile seizure; fever; pediatric neurology convulsion; epilepsy; febrile seizure; fever; pediatric neurology
MDPI and ACS Style

Laino, D.; Mencaroni, E.; Esposito, S. Management of Pediatric Febrile Seizures. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2232.

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