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Open AccessArticle

Short-Term Effects of Ambient Air Pollution on Hospitalization for Respiratory Disease in Taiyuan, China: A Time-Series Analysis

1
Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China
2
Department of Forensic Medicine, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China
3
Global Health Institute, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China
4
Institute of Health Administration, Shanxi, Taiyuan 030006, China
5
Ddata Technology Co. LTD, Wuhan 430000, China
6
National Health Development Research Center, Beijing 100191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2160; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102160
Received: 27 August 2018 / Revised: 29 September 2018 / Accepted: 30 September 2018 / Published: 1 October 2018
In this study, we estimated the short-term effects of ambient air pollution on respiratory disease hospitalization in Taiyuan, China. Daily data of respiratory disease hospitalization, daily concentration of ambient air pollutants and meteorological factors from 1 October 2014 to 30 September 2017 in Taiyuan were included in our study. We conducted a time-series study design and applied a generalized additive model to evaluate the association between every 10-μg/m3 increment of air pollutants and percent increase of respiratory disease hospitalization. A total of 127,565 respiratory disease hospitalization cases were included in this study during the present period. In single-pollutant models, the effect values in multi-day lags were greater than those in single-day lags. PM2.5 at lag02 days, SO2 at lag03 days, PM10 and NO2 at lag05 days were observed to be strongly and significantly associated with respiratory disease hospitalization. No significant association was found between O3 and respiratory disease hospitalization. SO2 and NO2 were still significantly associated with hospitalization after adjusting for PM2.5 or PM10 into two-pollutant models. Females and younger population for respiratory disease were more vulnerable to air pollution than males and older groups. Therefore, some effective measures should be taken to strengthen the management of the ambient air pollutants, especially SO2 and NO2, and to enhance the protection of the high-risk population from air pollutants, thereby reducing the burden of respiratory disease caused by ambient air pollution. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; hospitalization; respiratory disease; China air pollution; hospitalization; respiratory disease; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Luo, L.; Zhang, Y.; Jiang, J.; Luan, H.; Yu, C.; Nan, P.; Luo, B.; You, M. Short-Term Effects of Ambient Air Pollution on Hospitalization for Respiratory Disease in Taiyuan, China: A Time-Series Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2160. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102160

AMA Style

Luo L, Zhang Y, Jiang J, Luan H, Yu C, Nan P, Luo B, You M. Short-Term Effects of Ambient Air Pollution on Hospitalization for Respiratory Disease in Taiyuan, China: A Time-Series Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(10):2160. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102160

Chicago/Turabian Style

Luo, Lisha; Zhang, Yunquan; Jiang, Junfeng; Luan, Hanghang; Yu, Chuanhua; Nan, Peihong; Luo, Bin; You, Mao. 2018. "Short-Term Effects of Ambient Air Pollution on Hospitalization for Respiratory Disease in Taiyuan, China: A Time-Series Analysis" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 10: 2160. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102160

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