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Open AccessArticle

Epidemiology of Fall Injury in Rural Bangladesh

Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Center for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh (CIPRB), House B162, Road 23, New DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1206, Bangladesh
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David C. Schwebel
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(8), 900;
Received: 6 June 2017 / Revised: 2 August 2017 / Accepted: 3 August 2017 / Published: 10 August 2017
Globally, falls are the second leading cause of unintentional injury deaths, with 80% occurring in low-and middle-income countries. The overall objective of this study is to describe the burden and risk factors of falls in rural Bangladesh. In 2013, a large household survey covering a population of 1,169,593 was conducted in seven rural sub-districts of Bangladesh to assess the burden of all injuries, including falls. The recall periods for non-fatal and fatal injuries were six and 12 months, respectively. Descriptive, bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted. The rates of non-fatal and fatal falls were 36.3 per 1000 and 5 per 100,000 population, respectively. The rates of both fatal and non-fatal falls were highest among the elderly. The risk of non-fatal falls was higher at extremes of age. Lower limb and waist injuries were frequent following a fall. Head injuries were frequent among infants (35%), while lower limb and waist injuries were frequent among the elderly (>65 years old). Injuries to all body parts (except the waist) were most frequent among men. More than half of all non-fatal falls occurred in a home environment. The injury patterns and risk factors of non-fatal falls differ by sociodemographic factors. View Full-Text
Keywords: injury; fall injury; Bangladesh; LMICs injury; fall injury; Bangladesh; LMICs
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Wadhwaniya, S.; Alonge, O.; Ul Baset, M.K.; Chowdhury, S.; Bhuiyan, A.-A.; Hyder, A.A. Epidemiology of Fall Injury in Rural Bangladesh. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 900.

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