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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(8), 845; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14080845

Combined Effects of High-Speed Railway Noise and Ground Vibrations on Annoyance

1
Kanagawa Environmental Research Center, 1-3-39 Shinomiya, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 254-0014, Japan
2
Department of Architecture, National Institute of Technology, Ishikawa College, Kitachujo, Tsubata, Ishikawa 929-0392, Japan
3
Department of Architecture, Hokkai-Gakuen University, Nishi 11-1-1, Minami 26, Chuo-ku, Sapporo 064-0926, Japan
4
Professor Emeritus, Kumamoto University, Kurokami 2-39-1, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto 860-8555, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Peter Lercher, Ronny Klaeboe and Mariola Sliwinska-Kowalska
Received: 21 April 2017 / Revised: 17 July 2017 / Accepted: 17 July 2017 / Published: 27 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Combined Health Effects of Environmental Exposures)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2188 KB, uploaded 27 July 2017]   |  

Abstract

The Shinkansen super-express railway system in Japan has greatly increased its capacity and has expanded nationwide. However, many inhabitants in areas along the railways have been disturbed by noise and ground vibration from the trains. Additionally, the Shinkansen railway emits a higher level of ground vibration than conventional railways at the same noise level. These findings imply that building vibrations affect living environments as significantly as the associated noise. Therefore, it is imperative to quantify the effects of noise and vibration exposures on each annoyance under simultaneous exposure. We performed a secondary analysis using individual datasets of exposure and community response associated with Shinkansen railway noise and vibration. The data consisted of six socio-acoustic surveys, which were conducted separately over the last 20 years in Japan. Applying a logistic regression analysis to the datasets, we confirmed the combined effects of vibration/noise exposure on noise/vibration annoyance. Moreover, we proposed a representative relationship between noise and vibration exposures, and the prevalence of each annoyance associated with the Shinkansen railway. View Full-Text
Keywords: high speed train; noise; ground vibration; social survey; secondary analysis; annoyance; exposure-annoyance relationship; logistic regression analysis high speed train; noise; ground vibration; social survey; secondary analysis; annoyance; exposure-annoyance relationship; logistic regression analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Yokoshima, S.; Morihara, T.; Sato, T.; Yano, T. Combined Effects of High-Speed Railway Noise and Ground Vibrations on Annoyance. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 845.

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