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Open AccessArticle

Sitting Time, Physical Activity and Sleep by Work Type and Pattern—The Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health

Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, Herston 4006, Australia
Centre for Research on Exercise, Physical Activity and Health, School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia 4072, Australia
School of Health and Wellbeing, The University of Southern Queensland, Ipswich 4305, Australia
School of Medicine & Public Health, Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Shawn Kneipp and Mary H. Palmer
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(3), 290;
Received: 27 October 2016 / Revised: 27 February 2017 / Accepted: 4 March 2017 / Published: 10 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Women’s Health and the Work Environment)
Data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health were used to examine how work was associated with time spent sleeping, sitting and in physical activity (PA), in working women. Young (31–36 years; 2009) and mid-aged (59–64 years; 2010) women reported sleep (categorised as shorter ≤6 h/day and longer ≥8 h/day) and sitting time (work, transport, television, non-work computer, and other; summed for total sitting time) on the most recent work and non-work day; and moderate and vigorous PA (categorised as meeting/not meeting guidelines) in the previous week. Participants reported occupation (manager/professional; clerical/sales; trades/transport/labourer), work hours (part-time; full-time) and work pattern (shift/night; not shift/night). The odds of shorter sleep on work days was higher in both cohorts for women who worked shift or night hours. Longer sitting time on work days, made up primarily of sitting for work, was found for managers/professionals, clerical/sales and full-time workers. In the young cohort, clerical/sales workers and in the mid-aged cohort, full-time workers were less likely to meet PA guidelines. These results suggest multiple behaviour interventions tailored to work patterns and occupational category may be useful to improve the sleep, sitting and activity of working women. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep; sitting; physical activity; women; work sleep; sitting; physical activity; women; work
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Clark, B.K.; Kolbe-Alexander, T.L.; Duncan, M.J.; Brown, W. Sitting Time, Physical Activity and Sleep by Work Type and Pattern—The Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 290.

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