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Recruitment of Refugees for Health Research: A Qualitative Study to Add Refugees’ Perspectives

Department of Family Practice, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada
Department of Family and Emergency Medicine, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC H3T 1J4, Canada
Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jimmy T. Efird and Pollie Bith-Melander
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(2), 125;
Received: 17 November 2016 / Revised: 3 January 2017 / Accepted: 19 January 2017 / Published: 29 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Refugee Health)
PDF [590 KB, uploaded 4 February 2017]


Research is needed to understand refugees’ health challenges and barriers to accessing health services during settlement. However, there are practical and ethical challenges for engaging refugees as participants. Despite this, there have been no studies to date specifically investigating refugee perspectives on factors affecting engagement in health research. Language-concordant focus groups in British Columbia, Canada, with four government-assisted refugee language groups (Farsi/Dari, Somali, Karen, Arabic) inquired about willingness to participate in health research. Twenty-three variables associated with the willingness of refugees to participate in health research were elicited. Variables related to research design included recruitment strategies, characteristics of the research team members and the nature of the research. Variables related to individual participants included demographic features such as gender and education, attitudes towards research and previous experience with research. This research can be used to increase opportunities for refugees’ engagement in research and includes recommendations for subgroups of refugees that may have more difficulties engaging in research. View Full-Text
Keywords: refugee; recruitment; patient; qualitative research; ethics; research refugee; recruitment; patient; qualitative research; ethics; research

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Gabriel, P.; Kaczorowski, J.; Berry, N. Recruitment of Refugees for Health Research: A Qualitative Study to Add Refugees’ Perspectives. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 125.

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