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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1573;

Well-Being and Associated Factors among Women in the Gender-Segregated Country

College of Public Health and Health Informatics, King Saud bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences, Mail Code 2350, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia
King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Office of Population Health, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 August 2017 / Revised: 27 September 2017 / Accepted: 28 October 2017 / Published: 14 December 2017
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Well-being is an essential measure that contributes to the evaluation of the health and quality of life of populations. In 1948, the World Health Organization (WHO) defined health as physical, mental and social well-being. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between July and September 2015. Women aged 18 years old and above were invited to participate in the study. The data were collected using the WHO’s Well-Being Index questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were fitted to identify factors that are significantly associated with well-being. A total of 900 women completed the survey. Approximately 58% of the women reported moderate to high (≥50) score of well-being, whereas 41.7% reported ill-being/likely depression. Experiencing violence, living in unfavorable physical conditions and reporting morbidities were shown to be significantly associated with low levels of subjective well-being (ill-being) (p < 0.0001). Our study revealed a significant percentage of low levels of well-being among women in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and identified the factors associated with them. Further research in this domain is recommended to better investigate additional causes of the low levels of well-being hence help in planning and guiding necessary interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: women; well-being; mental health; Saudi Arabia; WHO-5 well-being index women; well-being; mental health; Saudi Arabia; WHO-5 well-being index
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Jradi, H.; Abouabbas, O. Well-Being and Associated Factors among Women in the Gender-Segregated Country. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1573.

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