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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1505; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121505

The Impact of Technological Progress in the Energy Sector on Carbon Emissions: An Empirical Analysis from China

1
School of Business Administration, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 11414, China
2
Lazaridis School of Business and Economics, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON N2L 3C5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 October 2017 / Revised: 14 November 2017 / Accepted: 30 November 2017 / Published: 4 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Decision Models in Green Growth and Sustainable Development)
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Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between technological progress in the energy sector and carbon emissions based on the Environment Kuznets Curve (EKC) and data from China during the period of 1995–2012. Our study confirms that the situation in China conforms to the EKC hypothesis and presents the inverted U-curve relationship between per capita income and carbon emissions. Furthermore, the inflection point will be reached in at least five years. Then, we use research and development (R & D) investment in the energy industry as the quantitative indicator of its technological progress to test its impact on carbon emissions. Our results show that technological progress in the energy sector contributes to a reduction in carbon emissions with hysteresis. Furthermore, our results show that energy efficiency improvements are also helpful in reducing carbon emissions. However, climate policy and change in industrial structure increase carbon emissions to some extent. Our conclusion demonstrates that currently, China is not achieving economic growth and pollution reduction simultaneously. To further achieve the goal of carbon reduction, the government should increase investment in the energy industry research and improve energy efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon dioxide emissions; technological progress; R & D; energy efficiency; climate change carbon dioxide emissions; technological progress; R & D; energy efficiency; climate change
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Jin, L.; Duan, K.; Shi, C.; Ju, X. The Impact of Technological Progress in the Energy Sector on Carbon Emissions: An Empirical Analysis from China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1505.

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