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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(11), 1333; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111333

Factors Associated with Male Partner Involvement in Programs for the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Rural South Africa

1
Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
2
Department of Work and Social Psychology, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
3
Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA
4
Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
5
Department of Public Health, University of Venda, Thohoyandou 0950, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 September 2017 / Revised: 13 October 2017 / Accepted: 28 October 2017 / Published: 1 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
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Abstract

Male partner involvement (MPI) can contribute to the success of programs aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. However, the definition and measures of MPI differ according to context. This study utilized secondary cross-sectional data to investigate the prevalence and determinants of MPI among 463 male partners of HIV-infected pregnant women in rural South Africa. Results indicated that 44.1% of male partners reported involvement in most or all specified male partner involvement activities (i.e., scores of 7 to 9). Descriptive, correlation and multiple linear-regression analyses were conducted. Positive predictors of MPI included relationship status, own HIV status, awareness of female partner’s positive HIV status, female partner’s desire to have more children, having family planning discussions with provider, condom use to prevent HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and partner reasoning skills. Negative predictors included partner verbal aggression. Overall, although MPI is low, the study underlines important information that could be used to develop interventions aimed at improving maternal and infant health in PMTCT programs in South Africa. View Full-Text
Keywords: prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT); male partner involvement (MPI); pregnant women; rural South Africa prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT); male partner involvement (MPI); pregnant women; rural South Africa
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Matseke, M.G.; Ruiter, R.A.C.; Rodriguez, V.J.; Peltzer, K.; Setswe, G.; Sifunda, S. Factors Associated with Male Partner Involvement in Programs for the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Rural South Africa. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1333.

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