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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(11), 1313; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111313

Diet Quality and Satisfaction with Life, Family Life, and Food-Related Life across Families: A Cross-Sectional Pilot Study with Mother-Father-Adolescent Triads

1
Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Forestales, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco 4811230, Chile
2
Centro de Excelencia en Psicología Económica y del Consumo, Núcleo Científico y Tecnológico en Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco 4811230, Chile
3
Facultad de Economía y Negocios, Universidad de Talca, Talca 3460000, Chile
4
LICSA, Núcleo Científico y Tecnológico en Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco 4811230, Chile
5
Facultad de Educación, Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco 4811230, Chile
6
Instituto Polo Tecnológico de Pando, Facultad de Química, Universidad de la República, Pando 4225, Uruguay
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 August 2017 / Revised: 23 October 2017 / Accepted: 24 October 2017 / Published: 29 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Public Health)
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Abstract

Family is a major determinant of children’s and adolescents’ eating behavior. The objectives of the present study were to assess diet quality, eating habits, satisfaction with life, family life, and food-related life in mother–father–adolescent triads, and to identify profiles of families according to family members’ diet quality. Questionnaires were administered to a sample of 300 two-parent families with one child over the age of 10 in the city of Temuco (Chile), including the Adapted Healthy Eating Index (AHEI), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFoL) scale, Satisfaction with Family Life (SWFaL) scales, and questions relating to their eating habits. Positive relationships were found between the diet quality of the family members, particularly between mothers and adolescents. Three family profiles with different diet qualities were identified: “families with an unhealthy diet” (39.3%), “families in which mothers and adolescents have healthy diets, but the fathers’ diets require changes” (14.3%), and “families that require changes in their diet” (46.4%). These findings stress the key role of mothers in determining family diet quality and suggest a positive relationship between diet quality and satisfaction with life. View Full-Text
Keywords: two-parent families; adolescents; healthy eating two-parent families; adolescents; healthy eating
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Schnettler, B.; Lobos, G.; Miranda-Zapata, E.; Denegri, M.; Ares, G.; Hueche, C. Diet Quality and Satisfaction with Life, Family Life, and Food-Related Life across Families: A Cross-Sectional Pilot Study with Mother-Father-Adolescent Triads. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1313.

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