Next Article in Journal
The Effects of the Passage of Time from the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake on the Public’s Anxiety about a Variety of Hazards
Next Article in Special Issue
Disadvantaged Parents’ Engagement with a National Secondhand Smoke in the Home Mass Media Campaign: A Qualitative Study
Previous Article in Journal
Occurrence of the Toxin-Producing Aspergillus versicolor Tiraboschi in Residential Buildings
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(9), 864;

National and State-Specific Attitudes toward Smoke-Free Parks among U.S. Adults

Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
DB Consulting Group, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Laura L. Jones and Amanda Farley
Received: 11 June 2016 / Revised: 31 July 2016 / Accepted: 26 August 2016 / Published: 31 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exposure and Health Effects of Secondhand Smoke)
Full-Text   |   PDF [304 KB, uploaded 31 August 2016]


Outdoor places, such as parks, remain a source of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. We assessed attitudes toward smoke-free parks among U.S. adults. Data came from the 2009–2010 National Adult Tobacco Survey, a landline and cellular telephone survey of noninstitutionalized adults aged ≥18 in the 50 U.S. states and D.C. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used to assess the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of attitudes toward smoke-free parks, overall and by current tobacco use. Overall, 38.5% of adults reported favorable attitudes toward complete smoke-free parks; prevalence ranged from 29.2% in Kentucky to 48.2% in Maine. Prevalence of favorable attitudes toward smoke-free parks was higher among nonusers of tobacco (44.6%) and noncombustible-only users (30.0%) than any combustible users (21.3%). The adjusted odds of having a favorable attitude were higher among: women; Hispanics and Black non-Hispanics, American Indian and Alaska Native non-Hispanics, and other non-Hispanics; those with an unspecified sexual orientation; and those with children aged ≤17 in the household, relative to each characteristics respective referent group. Odds were lower among: any combustible tobacco and noncombustible-only tobacco users; adults aged 45–64; and those with some college or an undergraduate degree. Opportunities exist to educate the public about the benefits of smoke-free outdoor environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: parks; smoke-free; secondhand smoke; state; national; attitudes parks; smoke-free; secondhand smoke; state; national; attitudes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kruger, J.; Jama, A.; Kegler, M.; Marynak, K.; King, B. National and State-Specific Attitudes toward Smoke-Free Parks among U.S. Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 864.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top