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Artificial Diets for Mosquitoes

Department of Biology, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA
Institute of Applied Biosciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul J. Linser
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(12), 1267;
Received: 19 November 2016 / Revised: 14 December 2016 / Accepted: 19 December 2016 / Published: 21 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mosquito Control Innovations into The 21st Century)
PDF [809 KB, uploaded 21 December 2016]


Mosquito-borne diseases are responsible for more than a million human deaths every year. Modern mosquito control strategies such as sterile insect technique (SIT), release of insects carrying a dominant lethal (RIDL), population replacement strategies (PR), and Wolbachia-based strategies require the rearing of large numbers of mosquitoes in culture for continuous release over an extended period of time. Anautogenous mosquitoes require essential nutrients for egg production, which they obtain through the acquisition and digestion of a protein-rich blood meal. Therefore, mosquito mass production in laboratories and other facilities relies on vertebrate blood from live animal hosts. However, vertebrate blood is expensive to acquire and hard to store for longer times especially under field conditions. This review discusses older and recent studies that were aimed at the development of artificial diets for mosquitoes in order to replace vertebrate blood. View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial blood meal; Aedes aegypti; mosquito; diet artificial blood meal; Aedes aegypti; mosquito; diet

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Gonzales, K.K.; Hansen, I.A. Artificial Diets for Mosquitoes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1267.

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