Disadvantaged Social Groups and the Cigarette Epidemic: Limits of the Diffusion of Innovations Vision
AbstractThe original four-stage model of the cigarette epidemic has been extended with diffusion of innovations theory to reflect socio-economic differences in cigarette use. Recently, two revisions of the model have been proposed: (1) separate analysis of the epidemic stages for men and women, in order to improve generalization to developing countries, and; (2) addition of a fifth stage to the smoking epidemic, in order to account for the persistence of smoking in disadvantaged social groups. By developing a cohort perspective spanning a 35-year time period in France and the USA, we uncover distinctive features which challenge the currently held vision on the evolution of smoking inequalities within the framework of the cigarette epidemic. We argue that the reason for which the model may not be fit to the lower educated is that the imitation mechanism underlying the diffusion of innovations works well with regard to adoption of the habit, but is much less relevant with regard to its rejection. Based on those observations, we support the idea that the nature and timing of the epidemic differs enough to treat the stages separately for high and low education groups, and discuss policy implications. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Khlat, M.; Pampel, F.; Bricard, D.; Legleye, S. Disadvantaged Social Groups and the Cigarette Epidemic: Limits of the Diffusion of Innovations Vision. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1230.
Khlat M, Pampel F, Bricard D, Legleye S. Disadvantaged Social Groups and the Cigarette Epidemic: Limits of the Diffusion of Innovations Vision. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(12):1230.Chicago/Turabian Style
Khlat, Myriam; Pampel, Fred; Bricard, Damien; Legleye, Stéphane. 2016. "Disadvantaged Social Groups and the Cigarette Epidemic: Limits of the Diffusion of Innovations Vision." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 12: 1230.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.