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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(12), 1177;

Time Trend in Psychotropic Medication Use in Spain: A Nationwide Population-Based Study

Preventive Medicine and Public Health Teaching and Research Unit, Health Sciences Faculty, Rey Juan Carlos University, Alcorcón 28922, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 9 October 2016 / Revised: 10 November 2016 / Accepted: 22 November 2016 / Published: 24 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [286 KB, uploaded 24 November 2016]


Background: We performed an epidemiologic study to analyze nationwide time trends in adult psychotropic drug use over a period from 2006 to 2012, and to identify those factors associated with the likelihood of consumption of these drugs during the study period; Methods: Cross-sectional study on psychotropic medication in the Spanish adult population. We used secondary individualized data drawn from the 2006 and 2012 Spanish National Health Surveys (SNHS). The dependent variable was the use of psychotropic drugs in the previous two weeks. Independent variables included socio-demographic characteristics, comorbidity, lifestyles and healthcare resource utilization. Using logistic multivariate regression models, we analyzed the temporal evolution of psychotropic medication consumption between 2006 and 2012 in both sexes; Results: The prevalence of psychotropic drug use was significantly greater in women (18.14% vs. 8.08% in 2012 (p < 0.05). In Spanish women, the variables associated with a greater probability of psychotropic use were, age, unemployment (adjusted odds ratio (AOR), 1.60; 95% CI, 1.24–2.07), negative perception of health or taking non-psychotropic drugs. Among men, psychotropic use is associated with presence of chronic disease, negative perception of health (AOR, 3.27; 95% CI, 2.62–4.07 in 2012) or inactive status; Conclusions: Between 2006 and 2012, the probability of having taken psychotropic drugs increased by 16% among women. Unemployed women aged ≥45 years with a negative perception of their health constitute a clear risk profile in terms of psychotropic drug use. Inactive men who have a negative perception of their health are the group most likely to consume psychotropic drugs. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychotropic drug; predictors; sex differences; health survey; national trends psychotropic drug; predictors; sex differences; health survey; national trends
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Carrasco-Garrido, P.; Hernández-Barrera, V.; Jiménez-Trujillo, I.; Esteban-Hernández, J.; Álvaro-Meca, A.; López-de Andrés, A.; DelBarrio-Fernández, J.L.; Jiménez-García, R. Time Trend in Psychotropic Medication Use in Spain: A Nationwide Population-Based Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1177.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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