Next Article in Journal
Multi-Level, Multi-Component Approaches to Community Based Interventions for Healthy Living—A Three Case Comparison
Next Article in Special Issue
UV “Indices”—What Do They Indicate?
Previous Article in Journal
Accessibility to Specialized Public Oral Health Services from the Perspective of Brazilian Users
Previous Article in Special Issue
Vitamin D Status and Its Consequences for Health in South Africa
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(10), 1028;

Beneficial Effects of UV-Radiation: Vitamin D and beyond

Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 15, Graz 8036, Austria
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 15, Graz 8036, Austria
Department of Cardiology, Swiss Cardiovascular Center Bern, Bern University Hospital, Freiburgstrasse 8, Bern 3010, Switzerland
Bad Gleichenberg Clinic, Schweizereiweg 4, Bad Gleichenberg 8344, Austria
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Daniela Haluza, Stana Simic and Hanns Moshammer
Received: 1 September 2016 / Revised: 12 October 2016 / Accepted: 13 October 2016 / Published: 19 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue UV-Radiation: From Physics to Impacts)
Full-Text   |   PDF [327 KB, uploaded 19 October 2016]


Aside from its well-known effects on bone and mineral metabolism, vitamin D may also play an important role in extra-skeletal processes like immunologic diseases, cancer, or cardiovascular diseases. Even though meta-analyses showed that vitamin D supplementation reduces fractures, falls, and overall mortality, its potential benefits did not find universal acclaim. Several health care authorities published Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) for vitamin D, most of them ranging from 600 to 800 international units (IU) per day, corresponding to a serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D of at least 20 ng/mL (50 nmol/L). However, studies conducted in the general population revealed a much lower overall intake of vitamin D than the proposed RDAs. Thus, strategies to increase the vitamin D intake in the general population, e.g., food fortification or vitamin D supplementation, are needed to match the existing evidence and recommendations. Therefore, several currently ongoing projects aim to investigate the effect of vitamin D supplementation in the general population and try to establish food-based solutions to improve vitamin D status. View Full-Text
Keywords: vitamin D; 25(OH)D; UV-radiation; review vitamin D; 25(OH)D; UV-radiation; review
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Trummer, C.; Pandis, M.; Verheyen, N.; Grübler, M.R.; Gaksch, M.; Obermayer-Pietsch, B.; Tomaschitz, A.; Pieber, T.R.; Pilz, S.; Schwetz, V. Beneficial Effects of UV-Radiation: Vitamin D and beyond. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1028.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top