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Open AccessArticle

Synthesis of High Valence Silver-Loaded Mesoporous Silica with Strong Antibacterial Properties

1
Green Energy and Environment Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, 195 Chung Hsing Road, Chutung, Hsinchu County 31040, Taiwan
2
Department of Bioscience Technology, Chung Yuan Christian University, 200 Chung Pei Road, Chung Li District, Taoyuan City 32023, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Huang-Tsung Chang
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 99; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13010099
Received: 12 November 2015 / Revised: 27 December 2015 / Accepted: 28 December 2015 / Published: 4 January 2016
A simple chemical method was developed for preparing high valence silver (Ag)-loaded mesoporous silica (Ag-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)-SBA-15), which showed strong antibacterial activity. Ag-EDTA-SBA-15 exhibited stronger and more effective antibacterial activity than commercial Ag nanoparticles did, and it offered high stability of high valence silver in the porous matrix and long-lasting antibacterial activity. The synthesized materials were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Ag existed in both surface complexation and Ag particles. EDTA anchored within a porous structure chelated Ag ions in higher oxidation states and prevented their agglomeration and oxidation reduction. The XRD results showed that most Ag in the Ag-EDTA-SBA-15 existed in higher oxidation states such as Ag(II) and Ag(III). However, the XPS and TEM results showed that Ag easily reduced in lower oxidation states and agglomerated as Ag particles on the exterior layer of the SBA-15. View Full-Text
Keywords: high valence; silver; SBA-15; antibacterial activity high valence; silver; SBA-15; antibacterial activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, C.-C.; Wu, H.-H.; Huang, H.-Y.; Liu, C.-W.; Chen, Y.-N. Synthesis of High Valence Silver-Loaded Mesoporous Silica with Strong Antibacterial Properties. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 99.

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