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Open AccessArticle

South African Foundation Phase Teachers’ Perceptions of ADHD at Private and Public Schools

School of Human and Community Development, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, WITS, Gauteng 2050, South Africa
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These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(3), 3042-3059; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120303042
Received: 18 December 2014 / Revised: 4 March 2015 / Accepted: 5 March 2015 / Published: 11 March 2015
This study investigated foundation phase teachers’ perceptions of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The teachers’ views on the aetiology, appropriate interventions and incidence rates of ADHD were examined. A total of 130 foundation phase teachers from mainstream private and public schools completed a self-developed questionnaire that had been piloted by the researchers. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data, specifically to determine whether there were differences in responses between public and private school teachers. Thematic content analysis was used to identify the themes that emerged from the open-ended questions. It was found that the teachers had a limited understanding of ADHD, in terms of what it is as well as the aetiology. In addition, it emerged that medication was the preferred method of intervention despite the participants’ awareness of alternative intervention methods. A comparison of the private and public school teachers’ results indicated no significant difference in their perceptions regarding the aetiology, interventions or incidence rates of ADHD. View Full-Text
Keywords: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); teacher perceptions; incidence; aetiology and rates Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); teacher perceptions; incidence; aetiology and rates
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kern, A.; Amod, Z.; Seabi, J.; Vorster, A. South African Foundation Phase Teachers’ Perceptions of ADHD at Private and Public Schools. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 3042-3059.

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