- freely available
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(3), 2718-2734; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120302718
2.2. Sample and Setting
2.3. Recruitment and Data Collection
2.4. The Interview
2.5. Data Transcription and Analysis
2.6 Ethical Considerations
3.1. Participants’ Characteristics
|Participants Code/Gender||Age||Education Level||Preferred Language||Occupation||Health Status|
|1. Male||79||Primary school||Greek||Pensioner||Three heart attacks and bladder cancer|
|2. Male||71||Primary school||Greek||Fitter/welder/blacksmith (Pensioner)||No disease|
|3. Female||51||High school||English||Work in nursing home (GOCSA)||No disease|
|4. Male||76||Primary school||Greek||Farmer/ laying cement foundations (Pensioner)||Heart surgery twice (coronary obstruction)|
|5. Male||73||Primary school||Greek||Pensioner||Colon cancer|
|6. Male||73||Primary school||Greek||Pensioner||No disease|
|7. Male||74||Primary school||Greek||Gas company (Pensioner)||No disease|
|8. Male||74||Primary school||Greek||Assembler (pensioner)||Respiratory problems|
|9. Female||61||High school||Both English and Greek||* Translator||Respiratory problems|
|10. Female||65||High school||Both English and Greek||Pensioner||High blood pressure and hyperthyroid|
|11. Male||66||High school||Greek and English||Taxi driver||Diabetes and sarcoidosis|
|12. Male||62||High school||Greek||Pensioner||Back pain|
|13. Male||51||High school||Greek||Taxi driver||No disease|
|14. Female||53||Bachelor degree||English||School teacher||High blood pressure|
|15. Female||70||High school||Greek||Pensioner||Osteoporosis|
3.2. Who were the Supporters of or Barriers to Cessation
3.2.1. Family Members
|P.C||Kind of Smoking||Starting Age/Country||Years as a Smoker||Average of Cigarettes Daily||Approximate Starting Time after Waking up||Number of Quitting Attempts||Longest Episode of Quitting|
|1||Cigarettes||22/Greece||57||18–20||5 min||3||20 years|
|2||Rolling Tobacco||17/Greece||54||20–25||30 min||0||--|
|3||Cigarettes||27/Australia||24||12||30 min||4||2 weeks|
|4||Cigarettes||16/Greece||58||25||2–3 h||1||2 years|
|5||Rolling Tobacco||12/Greece||61||2–3||30 min||1||3 days|
|6||Cigarettes||22/Greece||51||10–12||20 min||1||** 2 weeks|
|7||* Cigarettes||19/Greece||55||25–30||20–30 min||0||--|
|8||Cigarettes||24/Greece||50||20||30 min||1||*** 4 days|
|9||Cigarette||16/Greece||45||6–10||10 min||10||1 year|
|10||Cigarette||20/Greece||47||4||10 min||10-15||6 months|
|11||Cigarette||15/Greece||49||30||5 min||4-5||9 months|
|12||Cigarette||14/Greece||48||18–20||20 min||2-3||6 days|
|14||Cigarettes||18/Australia||30||10||1 h||3-4||11 years|
|15||Cigarettes||25/Greece||45||2–3||No||2||**** 3 years|
|16||Cigarettes||17/Greece||55||25||15 min||2||2 years|
|17||Rolling Tobacco||18/Australia||35||30||5 min||3||5 years|
|18||Cigarette||19/Greece||50||10||30 min||4||**** 9 months|
“My wife kept telling me to stop smoking but I know a lot of people that used to smoke three packets a day and don’t know how to quit and they say to me well, you don’t smoke a lot just three or four cigarettes a day — why do you want to stop? You know they smoke a lot more than I do and smoking hasn’t really affected me, that is why”.
A lot of friends are asking me why I smoke. My son is 55 years old now he used to smoke and gave up and he keeps telling me to do the same. One time he said to me. I will bring you three cigarettes every morning before I go to work:— one for the morning, one for lunch and one for after tea.
Oh. Yes. She will support me. She will support me. Absolutely, but her support is nagging and I don’t want to be nagged. If you are going to nag me I will switch off. I’ll walk away I’ll go and light a cigarette. I’ll do the upset to why to telling me too if you are nagging me. You know it is like a child—the mother tells him not do something so the child then does it.
Because your life is full of ups and downs happening every day. You have to cope with a lot of problems every day. That is your lifestyle and then you go somewhere, sit down with smokers and have a coffee. You have stress because of your family or your kids and they all push you to do something…
I don’t want to blame you if you want to help me or if anyone else wants to help me. But it won’t work with me. I am happy that I can express my freedom to smoke in a free country.
Yes less. When you are with a person who doesn’t smoke you smoke less because she doesn’t smoke.
If you are with someone that smokes it is easy to start again by having one and then another and from then on go and buy a packet.
It was because of the company. I have two or three friends. They offer me cigarettes and I say I am quitting but they urge me to take a cigarette. They tell me to take just this one and then I start again. It is not because of weak willpower
3.2.3. Greek Orthodox Community Centre
I like to sit with my friends who are very close to me. It doesn’t matter who is a smoker or who is not.
Yes, my doctor told me that it could be because of that [smoking]. He told me that exercise is good but I have got some inflammation and I need to be careful […] The doctor tells me “don’t smoke”; he doesn’t know how many cigarettes I smoke but he tells me that it is not good.
Yes I would accept and I am talking with my doctor at the moment. I asked him about electronic tobacco and I am thinking a lot about giving up. I want to start to cut down and you know I have heard about electronic cigarettes and a lot of people have used it and it makes you more healthy.
My doctor just tells me off and says “you should just quit” but I haven’t listened to him — I stop and then start again usually.
I tried once [to give up] and went to the doctor and he gave me some tablets to help with stop smoking. After I took them my hands swelled up and I couldn’t get my ring off my finger; I had to cut the ring off. I went to the Queen Elizabeth hospital and I saw the doctor and he gave me three small tablets.
The only thing that I would say is that young people today are more willing to get educated, you know when they are 20 or 25, but older people don’t care about that so much. Even they go to the doctor and the doctor tells them “you are in danger and you have to stop”, most of them don’t care. That is my belief. I know probably I smoke and I’m guilty too but it’s just the way that we think, like tomorrow is another day.
“When I went to my doctor’s office, he told me not to smoke but then I saw he was smoking”.(P5)
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