Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(12), 7083-7109; doi:10.3390/ijerph10127083
Review

A Review of National-Level Adaptation Planning with Regards to the Risks Posed by Climate Change on Infectious Diseases in 14 OECD Nations

1,†,* email and 2,†email
1 Institut national de santé publique du Québec, 190 boulevard Crémazie Est, Montréal, Québec, H2P1E2, Canada 2 Department of Geography, McGill University, 805 Sherbrooke Ouest, Montréal, H3A2K6, Canada These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 October 2013; in revised form: 27 November 2013 / Accepted: 27 November 2013 / Published: 12 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Human Health)
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Abstract: Climate change is likely to have significant implications for human health, particularly through alterations of the incidence, prevalence, and distribution of infectious diseases. In the context of these risks, governments in high income nations have begun developing strategies to reduce potential climate change impacts and increase health system resilience (i.e., adaptation). In this paper, we review and evaluate national-level adaptation planning in relation to infectious disease risks in 14 OECD countries with respect to “best practices” for adaptation identified in peer-reviewed literature. We find a number of limitations to current planning, including negligible consideration of the needs of vulnerable population groups, limited emphasis on local risks, and inadequate attention to implementation logistics, such as available funding and timelines for evaluation. The nature of planning documents varies widely between nations, four of which currently lack adaptation plans. In those countries where planning documents were available, adaptations were mainstreamed into existing public health programs, and prioritized a sectoral, rather than multidisciplinary, approach. The findings are consistent with other scholarship examining adaptation planning indicating an ad hoc and fragmented process, and support the need for enhanced attention to adaptation to infectious disease risks in public health policy at a national level.
Keywords: climate change; adaptation; public health; infectious disease; high income nations; adaptation evaluation

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MDPI and ACS Style

Panic, M.; Ford, J.D. A Review of National-Level Adaptation Planning with Regards to the Risks Posed by Climate Change on Infectious Diseases in 14 OECD Nations. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 7083-7109.

AMA Style

Panic M, Ford JD. A Review of National-Level Adaptation Planning with Regards to the Risks Posed by Climate Change on Infectious Diseases in 14 OECD Nations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(12):7083-7109.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Panic, Mirna; Ford, James D. 2013. "A Review of National-Level Adaptation Planning with Regards to the Risks Posed by Climate Change on Infectious Diseases in 14 OECD Nations." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 12: 7083-7109.

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