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Bacteriocin as Weapons in the Marine Animal-Associated Bacteria Warfare: Inventory and Potential Applications as an Aquaculture Probiotic

Université Européenne de Bretagne, Université de Brest, Institut Universitaire de Technologie, Laboratoire, Universitaire de Biodiversité et d’Ecologie Microbienne EA3882, 6 Rue de l’Université, 29334 Quimper Cedex, France
Université Européenne de Bretagne, Université de Bretagne Sud, Centre de Recherche Saint Maudé, Laboratoire de Biotechnologie et Chimie Marines EA3884, 56321 Lorient Cedex, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mar. Drugs 2010, 8(4), 1153-1177;
Received: 6 February 2010 / Revised: 28 March 2010 / Accepted: 1 April 2010 / Published: 4 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Compounds from Marine Microbes)
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As the association of marine animals with bacteria has become more commonly recognized, researchers have increasingly questioned whether these animals actually produce many of the bioactive compounds originally isolated from them. Bacteriocins, ribosomally synthesized antibiotic peptides, constitute one of the most potent weapons to fight against pathogen infections. Indeed, bacteriocinogenic bacteria may prevent pathogen dissemination by occupying the same ecological niche. Bacteriocinogenic strains associated with marine animals are a relevant source for isolation of probiotics. This review draws up an inventory of the marine bacteriocinogenic strains isolated from animal-associated microbial communities, known to date. Bacteriocin-like inhibitory substances (BLIS) and fully-characterized bacteriocins are described. Finally, their applications as probiotics in aquaculture are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquaculture; BLIS; bacteriocin; probiotic aquaculture; BLIS; bacteriocin; probiotic
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Desriac, F.; Defer, D.; Bourgougnon, N.; Brillet, B.; Le Chevalier, P.; Fleury, Y. Bacteriocin as Weapons in the Marine Animal-Associated Bacteria Warfare: Inventory and Potential Applications as an Aquaculture Probiotic. Mar. Drugs 2010, 8, 1153-1177.

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