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Phycocosmetics and Other Marine Cosmetics, Specific Cosmetics Formulated Using Marine Resources
Open AccessReview

Algae Metabolites in Cosmeceutical: An Overview of Current Applications and Challenges

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Department of Biological Sciences, School of Science & Technology, Sunway University, Bandar Sunway 47500, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
2
College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, 866 Yuhangtang Road, Hangzhou 310058, China
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Biofunctional Molecule Exploratory (BMEX) Research Group, School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia, Bandar Sunway 47500, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
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Health and Well-Being Cluster, Global Asia in the 21st Century (GA21) Platform, Monash University Malaysia, Bandar Sunway 47500, Malaysia
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Department of Marine Life Sciences, Jeju National University, Jeju 63243, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mar. Drugs 2020, 18(6), 323; https://doi.org/10.3390/md18060323
Received: 14 April 2020 / Revised: 20 May 2020 / Accepted: 25 May 2020 / Published: 19 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine-Derived Ingredients for Cosmeceuticals)
Cosmetics are widely used by people around the world to protect the skin from external stimuli. Consumer preference towards natural cosmetic products has increased as the synthetic cosmetic products caused adverse side effects and resulted in low absorption rate due to the chemicals’ larger molecular size. The cosmetic industry uses the term “cosmeceutical”, referring to a cosmetic product that is claimed to have medicinal or drug-like benefits. Marine algae have gained tremendous attention in cosmeceuticals. They are one of the richest marine resources considered safe and possessed negligible cytotoxicity effects on humans. Marine algae are rich in bioactive substances that have shown to exhibit strong benefits to the skin, particularly in overcoming rashes, pigmentation, aging, and cancer. The current review provides a detailed survey of the literature on cosmeceutical potentials and applications of algae as skin whitening, anti-aging, anticancer, antioxidant, anti-inflammation, and antimicrobial agents. The biological functions of algae and the underlying mechanisms of all these activities are included in this review. In addition, the challenges of using algae in cosmeceutical applications, such as the effectiveness of different extraction methods and processing, quality assurance, and regulations concerning extracts of algae in this sector were also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine algae; cosmeceuticals; UV-radiation; anti-aging; anticancer; skin whitening marine algae; cosmeceuticals; UV-radiation; anti-aging; anticancer; skin whitening
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MDPI and ACS Style

Thiyagarasaiyar, K.; Goh, B.-H.; Jeon, Y.-J.; Yow, Y.-Y. Algae Metabolites in Cosmeceutical: An Overview of Current Applications and Challenges. Mar. Drugs 2020, 18, 323.

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