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Open AccessArticle

Fucosterol Suppresses the Progression of Human Ovarian Cancer by Inducing Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress

1
Institute of Animal Molecular Biotechnology, Department of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
2
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, WI 53226, USA
3
Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Science and Technology, Kookmin University, Seoul 02707, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mar. Drugs 2020, 18(5), 261; https://doi.org/10.3390/md18050261
Received: 24 March 2020 / Revised: 5 May 2020 / Accepted: 9 May 2020 / Published: 16 May 2020
Ovarian cancer is difficult to diagnose early and has high rates of relapse and mortality. Therefore, the treatment of ovarian cancer needs to be improved. Recently, several studies have been conducted in an attempt to develop anticancer drugs from naturally derived ingredients. Compared to traditional chemotherapy, natural compounds can overcome drug resistance with lower side effects. Fucosterol, a phytosterol present in brown algae, reportedly possesses many bioactive effects, including anticancer properties. However, the anticancer effects of fucosterol in ovarian cancer remain unexplored. Therefore, we investigated the effects of fucosterol on progression in human ovarian cancer cells. Fucosterol inhibited cell proliferation and cell-cycle progression in ovarian cancer cells. Additionally, fucosterol regulated the proliferation-related signaling pathways, the production of reactive oxygen species, mitochondrial function, endoplasmic reticulum stress, angiogenesis, and calcium homeostasis. Moreover, it decreased tumor formation in a zebrafish xenograft model. These results indicate that fucosterol could be used as a potential therapeutic agent in ovarian cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: fucosterol; ovarian cancer; mitochondria; ER; viability fucosterol; ovarian cancer; mitochondria; ER; viability
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Bae, H.; Lee, J.-Y.; Song, G.; Lim, W. Fucosterol Suppresses the Progression of Human Ovarian Cancer by Inducing Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress. Mar. Drugs 2020, 18, 261.

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