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Absolute Configuration of Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids, Their Wound Healing Properties and In Vitro Anti-Aging Effects
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Distribution, Contents, and Types of Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids (MAAs) in Marine Macroalgae and a Database for MAAs Based on These Characteristics

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State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
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Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Marine Bioresources and Eco-Environment, Jiangsu Ocean University, Lianyungang 222005, China
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A Co-Innovation Center of Jiangsu Marine Bio-industry Technology, Lianyungang 222005, China
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Lianyungang of Products Quality Supervision and Inspection, Lianyungang 222006, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mar. Drugs 2020, 18(1), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/md18010043
Received: 27 November 2019 / Revised: 28 December 2019 / Accepted: 1 January 2020 / Published: 7 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids from Marine Resource)
Mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs), maximally absorbed in the wavelength region of 310–360 nm, are widely distributed in algae, phytoplankton and microorganisms, as a class of possible multi-functional compounds. In this work, based on the Web of Science, Springer, Google Scholar, and China national knowledge infrastructure (CNKI), we have summarized and analyzed the studies related to MAAs in marine macroalgae over the past 30 years (1990–2019), mainly focused on MAAs distribution, contents, and types. It was confirmed that 572 species marine macroalgae contained MAAs, namely in 45 species of Chlorophytes, 41 species of Phaeophytes, and 486 species of Rhodophytes, and they respectively belonged to 28 orders. On this basis, we established an open online database to quickly retrieve MAAs in 501 species of marine macroalgae. Furthermore, research concerning MAAs in marine macroalgae were analyzed using CiteSpace. It could easily be seen that the preparation and purification of MAAs in marine macroalgae have not been intensively studied during the past 10 years, and therefore it is necessary to strengthen the research in the preparation and purification of MAA purified standards from marine macroalgae in the future. We agreed that this process is not only interesting, but important due to the potential use of MAAs as food and cosmetics, as well as within the medicine industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: CiteSpace analysis; marine macroalgae; mycosporine-like amino acids; online database for MAAs; photoproduction CiteSpace analysis; marine macroalgae; mycosporine-like amino acids; online database for MAAs; photoproduction
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Sun, Y.; Zhang, N.; Zhou, J.; Dong, S.; Zhang, X.; Guo, L.; Guo, G. Distribution, Contents, and Types of Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids (MAAs) in Marine Macroalgae and a Database for MAAs Based on These Characteristics. Mar. Drugs 2020, 18, 43.

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