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N-Terminal Acetylation and C-Terminal Amidation of Spirulina platensis-Derived Hexapeptide: Anti-Photoaging Activity and Proteomic Analysis

1
College of Food Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
2
Department of Food Science, Foshan University, Foshan 528000, China
3
Institute of Laboratory animal science, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mar. Drugs 2019, 17(9), 520; https://doi.org/10.3390/md17090520
Received: 12 July 2019 / Revised: 25 August 2019 / Accepted: 1 September 2019 / Published: 4 September 2019
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation is a potent inducer for skin photoaging. This paper investigated the anti-photoaging effects of the acetylated and amidated hexapeptide (AAH), originally identified from Spirulina platensis, in (Ultraviolet B) UVB-irradiated Human immortalized keratinocytes (Hacats) and mice. The results demonstrated that AAH had much lower toxicity on Hacats than the positive matrixyl (81.52% vs. 5.32%). Moreover, AAH reduced MDA content by 49%; increased SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px activities by 103%, 49%, and 116%, respectively; decreased MMP-1 and MMP-3 expressions by 27% and 29%, respectively, compared to UVB-irradiated mice. Employing isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ)-based proteomics, 60 differential proteins were identified, and major metabolic pathways were determined. Network analysis indicated that these differential proteins were mapped into an interaction network composed of two core sub-networks. Collectively, AAH is protective against UVB-induced skin photoaging and has potential application in skin care cosmetics. View Full-Text
Keywords: photoaging; acetylation; amidation; hexapeptide; proteomics photoaging; acetylation; amidation; hexapeptide; proteomics
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Zeng, Q.; Jiang, J.; Wang, J.; Zhou, Q.; Zhang, X. N-Terminal Acetylation and C-Terminal Amidation of Spirulina platensis-Derived Hexapeptide: Anti-Photoaging Activity and Proteomic Analysis. Mar. Drugs 2019, 17, 520.

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