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Open AccessArticle

Siderophore (from Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002)-Chelated Iron Promotes Iron Uptake in Caco-2 Cells and Ameliorates Iron Deficiency in Rats

College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong 266003, China
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Mar. Drugs 2019, 17(12), 709; https://doi.org/10.3390/md17120709
Received: 20 November 2019 / Revised: 11 December 2019 / Accepted: 11 December 2019 / Published: 16 December 2019
Siderophores are iron chelators with low molecular weight secreted by microorganisms. Siderophores have the potential to become natural iron fortifiers. To explore the feasibility of the application of Synechococcus sp. PCC7002-derived siderophores as iron fortifiers, Synechococcus sp. PCC7002, as a carrier, was fermented to produce siderophores. The absorption mechanism and anemia intervention effect of siderophores-chelated iron (SCI) were studied through the polarized Caco-2 Cell monolayers and the rat model of iron-deficiency anemia, respectively. The results indicated that siderophores (from Synechococcus sp. PCC7002) had an enhancing effect on iron absorption in polarized Caco-2 cell monolayers. The main absorption site of SCI was duodenum with pH 5.5, and the absorption methods included endocytosis and DMT1, with endocytosis being dominant. The effect of sodium phytate on SCI was less than that of ferrous sulfate. Therefore, SCI could resist inhibitory iron absorption factors in polarized Caco-2 cell monolayers. SCI showed significantly higher relative bioavailability (133.58 ± 15.42%) than ferrous sulfate (100 ± 14.84%) and ferric citrate (66.34 ± 8.715%) in the rat model. Food intake, hemoglobin concentration, and hematocrit and serum iron concentration of rats improved significantly after Fe-repletion. Overall, this study indicated that siderophores derived from Synechococcus sp. PCC7002 could be an effective and feasible iron nutritive fortifier. View Full-Text
Keywords: Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002; siderophores; Caco-2 cell; iron-deficiency anemia; anemia intervention Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002; siderophores; Caco-2 cell; iron-deficiency anemia; anemia intervention
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Feng, X.; Jiang, S.; Zhang, F.; Wang, R.; Zhao, Y.; Zeng, M. Siderophore (from Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002)-Chelated Iron Promotes Iron Uptake in Caco-2 Cells and Ameliorates Iron Deficiency in Rats. Mar. Drugs 2019, 17, 709.

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