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Impact of Microalgae-Bacteria Interactions on the Production of Algal Biomass and Associated Compounds

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Algal Biotechnology Group, Ciderta and Faculty of Sciences, University of Huelva and Marine International Campus of Excellence (CEIMAR), Huelva 21007, Spain
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BioAvan S.L., Parque Empresarial Torneo, Geología 97, Sevilla 41015, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul Long
Mar. Drugs 2016, 14(5), 100; https://doi.org/10.3390/md14050100
Received: 20 February 2016 / Revised: 9 May 2016 / Accepted: 10 May 2016 / Published: 19 May 2016
A greater insight on the control of the interactions between microalgae and other microorganisms, particularly bacteria, should be useful for enhancing the efficiency of microalgal biomass production and associated valuable compounds. Little attention has been paid to the controlled utilization of microalgae-bacteria consortia. However, the studies of microalgal-bacterial interactions have revealed a significant impact of the mutualistic or parasitic relationships on algal growth. The algal growth, for instance, has been shown to be enhanced by growth promoting factors produced by bacteria, such as indole-3-acetic acid. Vitamin B12 produced by bacteria in algal cultures and bacterial siderophores are also known to be involved in promoting faster microalgal growth. More interestingly, enhancement in the intracellular levels of carbohydrates, lipids and pigments of microalgae coupled with algal growth stimulation has also been reported. In this sense, massive algal production might occur in the presence of bacteria, and microalgae-bacteria interactions can be beneficial to the massive production of microalgae and algal products. This manuscript reviews the recent knowledge on the impact of the microalgae-bacteria interactions on the production of microalgae and accumulation of valuable compounds, with an emphasis on algal species having application in aquaculture. View Full-Text
Keywords: microalgae; microalgae-bacteria interactions; microalgae production; aquaculture microalgae; microalgae-bacteria interactions; microalgae production; aquaculture
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Fuentes, J.L.; Garbayo, I.; Cuaresma, M.; Montero, Z.; González-del-Valle, M.; Vílchez, C. Impact of Microalgae-Bacteria Interactions on the Production of Algal Biomass and Associated Compounds. Mar. Drugs 2016, 14, 100.

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