Next Article in Journal
Bioactive Chaetoglobosins from the Mangrove Endophytic Fungus Penicillium chrysogenum
Next Article in Special Issue
Purification of Antioxidant Peptides by High Resolution Mass Spectrometry from Simulated Gastrointestinal Digestion Hydrolysates of Alaska Pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) Skin Collagen
Previous Article in Journal
Depolymerization of Fucosylated Chondroitin Sulfate with a Modified Fenton-System and Anticoagulant Activity of the Resulting Fragments
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Overview of the Medical Applications of Marine Skeletal Matrix Proteins
Open AccessReview

Marine Microbiological Enzymes: Studies with Multiple Strategies and Prospects

College of Marine Life Sciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Se-Kwon Kim
Mar. Drugs 2016, 14(10), 171;
Received: 12 July 2016 / Revised: 4 September 2016 / Accepted: 14 September 2016 / Published: 22 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Proteins and Peptides)
PDF [2417 KB, uploaded 22 September 2016]


Marine microorganisms produce a series of promising enzymes that have been widely used or are potentially valuable for our daily life. Both classic and newly developed biochemistry technologies have been broadly used to study marine and terrestrial microbiological enzymes. In this brief review, we provide a research update and prospects regarding regulatory mechanisms and related strategies of acyl-homoserine lactones (AHL) lactonase, which is an important but largely unexplored enzyme. We also detail the status and catalytic mechanism of the main types of polysaccharide-degrading enzymes that broadly exist among marine microorganisms but have been poorly explored. In order to facilitate understanding, the regulatory and synthetic biology strategies of terrestrial microorganisms are also mentioned in comparison. We anticipate that this review will provide an outline of multiple strategies for promising marine microbial enzymes and open new avenues for the exploration, engineering and application of various enzymes. View Full-Text
Keywords: AHL lactonase; polysaccharide-degrading enzymes; marine microorganism AHL lactonase; polysaccharide-degrading enzymes; marine microorganism

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Song, Q.; Zhang, X.-H. Marine Microbiological Enzymes: Studies with Multiple Strategies and Prospects. Mar. Drugs 2016, 14, 171.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Mar. Drugs EISSN 1660-3397 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top