Next Article in Journal
Polysaccharide Constituents of Three Types of Sea Urchin Shells and Their Anti-Inflammatory Activities
Next Article in Special Issue
Diatom-Specific Oligosaccharide and Polysaccharide Structures Help to Unravel Biosynthetic Capabilities in Diatoms
Previous Article in Journal
Alginate-Derived Oligosaccharide Inhibits Neuroinflammation and Promotes Microglial Phagocytosis of β-Amyloid
Previous Article in Special Issue
Determination of Lipid Hydroperoxides in Marine Diatoms by the FOX2 Assay

Photosynthetic Pigments in Diatoms

Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Department of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7, Krakow 30-387, Poland
Małopolska Centre of Biotechnology, Gronostajowa 7A, Krakow 30-387, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Véronique Martin-Jézéquel
Mar. Drugs 2015, 13(9), 5847-5881;
Received: 10 July 2015 / Revised: 1 September 2015 / Accepted: 7 September 2015 / Published: 16 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metabolites in Diatoms)
Photosynthetic pigments are bioactive compounds of great importance for the food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries. They are not only responsible for capturing solar energy to carry out photosynthesis, but also play a role in photoprotective processes and display antioxidant activity, all of which contribute to effective biomass and oxygen production. Diatoms are organisms of a distinct pigment composition, substantially different from that present in plants. Apart from light-harvesting pigments such as chlorophyll a, chlorophyll c, and fucoxanthin, there is a group of photoprotective carotenoids which includes β-carotene and the xanthophylls, diatoxanthin, diadinoxanthin, violaxanthin, antheraxanthin, and zeaxanthin, which are engaged in the xanthophyll cycle. Additionally, some intermediate products of biosynthetic pathways have been identified in diatoms as well as unusual pigments, e.g., marennine. Marine algae have become widely recognized as a source of unique bioactive compounds for potential industrial, pharmaceutical, and medical applications. In this review, we summarize current knowledge on diatom photosynthetic pigments complemented by some new insights regarding their physico-chemical properties, biological role, and biosynthetic pathways, as well as the regulation of pigment level in the cell, methods of purification, and significance in industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioactive compounds; biosynthesis pathway; diatoms; photoprotection; photosynthesis; pigments bioactive compounds; biosynthesis pathway; diatoms; photoprotection; photosynthesis; pigments
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kuczynska, P.; Jemiola-Rzeminska, M.; Strzalka, K. Photosynthetic Pigments in Diatoms. Mar. Drugs 2015, 13, 5847-5881.

AMA Style

Kuczynska P, Jemiola-Rzeminska M, Strzalka K. Photosynthetic Pigments in Diatoms. Marine Drugs. 2015; 13(9):5847-5881.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kuczynska, Paulina, Malgorzata Jemiola-Rzeminska, and Kazimierz Strzalka. 2015. "Photosynthetic Pigments in Diatoms" Marine Drugs 13, no. 9: 5847-5881.

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop