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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Previous articles were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence, and they are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
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Risk factors of main cancer sites

Saulė Uleckienė
Janina Didžiapetrienė
Liudvika Laima Griciūtė
Janina Urbelienė
Vytautas Kasiulevičius
2 and
Virginijus Šapoka
Institute of Oncology
Faculty of Medicine, Clinic of Internal Medicine, General Practice and Oncology, Vilnius University, Lithuania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2008, 44(12), 989;
Submission received: 18 February 2008 / Accepted: 2 April 2008 / Published: 7 April 2008


Cancer prevention is a system of various measures devoted to avoid this disease. Primary cancer prevention means the identification, avoidance, or destruction of known risk factors. The main risk factors are smoking, diet, alcohol consumption, occupational factors, environmental pollution, electromagnetic radiation, infection, medicines, reproductive hormones, and lack of physical activity. Approximately onethird of cancers can be avoided by implementing various preventive measures. The aim of this article was to acquaint medical students, family doctors with risk factors of main cancer sites (lung, breast, colorectal, and prostate).
Keywords: cancer prevention; cancer risk factors cancer prevention; cancer risk factors

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MDPI and ACS Style

Uleckienė, S.; Didžiapetrienė, J.; Griciūtė, L.L.; Urbelienė, J.; Kasiulevičius, V.; Šapoka, V. Risk factors of main cancer sites. Medicina 2008, 44, 989.

AMA Style

Uleckienė S, Didžiapetrienė J, Griciūtė LL, Urbelienė J, Kasiulevičius V, Šapoka V. Risk factors of main cancer sites. Medicina. 2008; 44(12):989.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Uleckienė, Saulė, Janina Didžiapetrienė, Liudvika Laima Griciūtė, Janina Urbelienė, Vytautas Kasiulevičius, and Virginijus Šapoka. 2008. "Risk factors of main cancer sites" Medicina 44, no. 12: 989.

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