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Role of Dietary Flavonoids in Iron Homeostasis

1
Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
2
Research Department of Structural and Molecular Biology, Division of Biosciences, University College London, Darwin Building, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pharmaceuticals 2019, 12(3), 119; https://doi.org/10.3390/ph12030119
Received: 1 June 2019 / Revised: 29 July 2019 / Accepted: 5 August 2019 / Published: 8 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Iron as Therapeutic Targets in Human Diseases)
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Abstract

Balancing systemic iron levels within narrow limits is critical for human health, as both iron deficiency and overload lead to serious disorders. There are no known physiologically controlled pathways to eliminate iron from the body and therefore iron homeostasis is maintained by modifying dietary iron absorption. Several dietary factors, such as flavonoids, are known to greatly affect iron absorption. Recent evidence suggests that flavonoids can affect iron status by regulating expression and activity of proteins involved the systemic regulation of iron metabolism and iron absorption. We provide an overview of the links between different dietary flavonoids and iron homeostasis together with the mechanism of flavonoids effect on iron metabolism. In addition, we also discuss the clinical relevance of state-of-the-art knowledge regarding therapeutic potential that flavonoids may have for conditions that are low in iron such as anaemia or iron overload diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: iron homeostasis; iron absorption; non-haem iron; flavonoids iron homeostasis; iron absorption; non-haem iron; flavonoids
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Lesjak, M.; K. S. Srai, S. Role of Dietary Flavonoids in Iron Homeostasis. Pharmaceuticals 2019, 12, 119.

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