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A Heterogeneous Wireless Identification Network for the Localization of Animals Based on Stochastic Movements

ETSI Telecomunicación, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Avd. Complutense 30, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Sensors 2009, 9(5), 3942-3957; https://doi.org/10.3390/s90503942
Received: 27 April 2009 / Revised: 14 May 2009 / Accepted: 22 May 2009 / Published: 25 May 2009
The improvement in the transmission range in wireless applications without the use of batteries remains a significant challenge in identification applications. In this paper, we describe a heterogeneous wireless identification network mostly powered by kinetic energy, which allows the localization of animals in open environments. The system relies on radio communications and a global positioning system. It is made up of primary and secondary nodes. Secondary nodes are kinetic-powered and take advantage of animal movements to activate the node and transmit a specific identifier, reducing the number of batteries of the system. Primary nodes are battery-powered and gather secondary-node transmitted information to provide it, along with position and time data, to a final base station in charge of the animal monitoring. The system allows tracking based on contextual information obtained from statistical data. View Full-Text
Keywords: stochastic transmission; energy harvesting; heterogeneous network; energyaware network stochastic transmission; energy harvesting; heterogeneous network; energyaware network
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Gutiérrez, Á.; González, C.; Jiménez-Leube, J.; Zazo, S.; Dopico, N.; Raos, I. A Heterogeneous Wireless Identification Network for the Localization of Animals Based on Stochastic Movements. Sensors 2009, 9, 3942-3957.

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