Next Article in Journal
Fabrication of Wireless Micro Pressure Sensor Using the CMOS Process
Next Article in Special Issue
Sensor for Distance Measurement Using Pixel Grey-Level Information
Previous Article in Journal
The Detection of Alkaline Phosphatase Using an Electrochemical Biosensor in a Single-Step Approach
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Topology Reorganization Scheme for Reliable Communication in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks Affected by Shadow Zones
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2009, 9(11), 8722-8747;

A Wireless Sensor Network Deployment for Rural and Forest Fire Detection and Verification

Integrated Management Coastal Research Institute, Polytechnic University of Valencia, Camino Vera s/n, 46022, Valencia, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 September 2009 / Revised: 15 October 2009 / Accepted: 20 October 2009 / Published: 30 October 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Spain)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2286 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]


Forest and rural fires are one of the main causes of environmental degradation in Mediterranean countries. Existing fire detection systems only focus on detection, but not on the verification of the fire. However, almost all of them are just simulations, and very few implementations can be found. Besides, the systems in the literature lack scalability. In this paper we show all the steps followed to perform the design, research and development of a wireless multisensor network which mixes sensors with IP cameras in a wireless network in order to detect and verify fire in rural and forest areas of Spain. We have studied how many cameras, sensors and access points are needed to cover a rural or forest area, and the scalability of the system. We have developed a multisensor and when it detects a fire, it sends a sensor alarm through the wireless network to a central server. The central server selects the closest wireless cameras to the multisensor, based on a software application, which are rotated to the sensor that raised the alarm, and sends them a message in order to receive real-time images from the zone. The camera lets the fire fighters corroborate the existence of a fire and avoid false alarms. In this paper, we show the test performance given by a test bench formed by four wireless IP cameras in several situations and the energy consumed when they are transmitting. Moreover, we study the energy consumed by each device when the system is set up. The wireless sensor network could be connected to Internet through a gateway and the images of the cameras could be seen from any part of the world. View Full-Text
Keywords: deployment; wireless sensor networks; fire detection; verification deployment; wireless sensor networks; fire detection; verification
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lloret, J.; Garcia, M.; Bri, D.; Sendra, S. A Wireless Sensor Network Deployment for Rural and Forest Fire Detection and Verification. Sensors 2009, 9, 8722-8747.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top