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Article

A Wearable Biofeedback Device to Increase Gait Swing Time Could Have Positive Effects on Gait among Older Adults

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School of Mechanical, Materials, Mechatronic and Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
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Applied Mechatronics and Biomedical Engineering Research (AMBER) Group, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
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Li Ning Sports Science Research Center, Beijing 101111, China
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Department of Kinesiology, Shenyang Sport University, Shenyang 110102, China
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School of Health and Society, Faculty of Arts, Social Sciences & Humanities, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
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ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science, University of Wollongong Innovation Campus, North Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jaap van Dieën
Sensors 2022, 22(1), 102; https://doi.org/10.3390/s22010102
Received: 28 November 2021 / Revised: 18 December 2021 / Accepted: 22 December 2021 / Published: 24 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors Applied in Healthcare)
Older adults walk with a shorter stride length, reduced hip range of motion (ROM) and higher cadence. These are signs of reductions in walking ability. This study investigated whether using a wireless smart insole system that monitored and provided biofeedback to encourage an extension of swing time could increase stride length and hip flexion, while reducing the cadence. Seven older adults were tested in this study, with and without the biofeedback device, in an outdoor environment. Gait analysis was performed by using GaitRite system and Xsens MVN. Repeated measures analysis demonstrated that with biofeedback, the swing time increased by 6.45%, stride length by 4.52% and hip flexion by 14.73%, with statistical significance. It also decreased the cadence significantly by 5.5%. This study has demonstrated that this smart insole system modified positively the studied gait parameters in older adults and has the potential to improve their walking ability. View Full-Text
Keywords: wearable device; biofeedback; gait; elderly; biomechanics; walking ability; gait retraining wearable device; biofeedback; gait; elderly; biomechanics; walking ability; gait retraining
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MDPI and ACS Style

Giraldo-Pedroza, A.; Lee, W.C.-C.; Lam, W.-K.; Coman, R.; Alici, G. A Wearable Biofeedback Device to Increase Gait Swing Time Could Have Positive Effects on Gait among Older Adults. Sensors 2022, 22, 102. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22010102

AMA Style

Giraldo-Pedroza A, Lee WC-C, Lam W-K, Coman R, Alici G. A Wearable Biofeedback Device to Increase Gait Swing Time Could Have Positive Effects on Gait among Older Adults. Sensors. 2022; 22(1):102. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22010102

Chicago/Turabian Style

Giraldo-Pedroza, Alexandra, Winson Chiu-Chun Lee, Wing-Kai Lam, Robyn Coman, and Gursel Alici. 2022. "A Wearable Biofeedback Device to Increase Gait Swing Time Could Have Positive Effects on Gait among Older Adults" Sensors 22, no. 1: 102. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22010102

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