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Open AccessCommunication

Compact Antenna in 3D Configuration for Rectenna Wireless Power Transmission Applications

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Laboratoire d’Analyse et d’Architecture des Systèmes du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (LAAS-CNRS), Université de Toulouse, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Institut National des Sciences Appliqués de Toulouse (INSA), Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse III (UPS), 31400 Toulouse, France
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Uwinloc, 9 Rue Humbert Tomatis, 31200 Toulouse, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Razvan D. Tamas
Sensors 2021, 21(9), 3193; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21093193
Received: 12 February 2021 / Revised: 23 April 2021 / Accepted: 28 April 2021 / Published: 4 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antennas and Propagation)
This work presents methods for miniaturizing and characterizing a modified dipole antenna dedicated to the implementation of wireless power transmission systems. The antenna size should respect the planar dimensions of 60 mm × 30 mm to be integrated with small IoT devices such as a Bluetooth Lower Energy Sensing Node. The provided design is based on a folded short-circuited dipole antenna, also named a T-match antenna. Faced with the difficulty of reducing the physical dimensions of the antenna, we propose a 3D configuration by adding vertical metallic arms on the edges of the antenna. The adopted 3D design has an overall size of 56 mm × 32 mm × 10 mm at 868 MHz. Three antenna-feeding techniques were evaluated to characterize this antenna. They consist of soldering a U.FL connector on the input port; vertically connecting a tapered balun to the antenna; and integrating a microstrip transition to the layer of the antenna. The experimental results of the selected feeding techniques show good agreements and the antenna has a maximum gain of +1.54 dBi in the elevation plane (E-plane). In addition, a final modification was operated to the designed antenna to have a more compact structure with a size of 40 mm × 30 mm × 10 mm at 868 MHz. Such modification reduces the radiation surface of the antenna and so the antenna gain and bandwidth. This antenna can achieve a maximum gain of +1.1 dBi in the E-plane. The two antennas proposed in this paper were then associated with a rectifier to perform energy harvesting for powering Bluetooth Low Energy wireless sensors. The measured RF-DC (radiofrequency to direct current) conversion efficiency is 73.88% (first design) and 60.21% (second design) with an illuminating power density of 3.1 µW/cm2 at 868 MHz with a 10 kΩ load resistor. View Full-Text
Keywords: compact antenna; wireless power transmission (WPT); energy harvesting; rectenna; wireless sensors compact antenna; wireless power transmission (WPT); energy harvesting; rectenna; wireless sensors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sidibe, A.; Takacs, A.; Loubet, G.; Dragomirescu, D. Compact Antenna in 3D Configuration for Rectenna Wireless Power Transmission Applications. Sensors 2021, 21, 3193. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21093193

AMA Style

Sidibe A, Takacs A, Loubet G, Dragomirescu D. Compact Antenna in 3D Configuration for Rectenna Wireless Power Transmission Applications. Sensors. 2021; 21(9):3193. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21093193

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sidibe, Alassane; Takacs, Alexandru; Loubet, Gaël; Dragomirescu, Daniela. 2021. "Compact Antenna in 3D Configuration for Rectenna Wireless Power Transmission Applications" Sensors 21, no. 9: 3193. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21093193

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