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Open AccessArticle

Determination of the Influence of Mechanical Properties of Capsules and Seeds on the Susceptibility to Feeding of Mononychus pubctumalbum in Endangered Plant Species Iris aphylla L. and Iris sibirica L.

1
Institute of Biological Sciences, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Akademicka 19, 20-033 Lublin, Poland
2
Botanical Garden, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Sławinkowska 3, 20-810 Lublin, Poland
3
Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Doświadczalna 4, 20-290 Lublin, Poland
4
Faculty of Production and Power Engineering, University of Agriculture in Kraków, Balicka 116B, 30-149 Kraków, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2021, 21(6), 2209; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21062209
Received: 25 January 2021 / Revised: 10 March 2021 / Accepted: 17 March 2021 / Published: 22 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development and Applications of Sensitive Mechanical Force Sensors)
The aim of the study was to determine the correlation between the mechanical resistance of iris seed capsules and seeds to Mononychus punctumalbum foraging. The principal component analysis (PCA) demonstrated that the first main component referred to the variety type in 68%, and the second main component described the stage of the ontogenetic development of the plant in 26%. As indicated by the values of each parameter measured, all the parameters were found to exert a strong impact on the variability of the analyzed system. The occurrence of weevil infestation was also strongly but negatively correlated with seed wall thickness and capsule wall thickness. There was a correlation of seed max load and seed mass with the occurrence of the weevil. The analysis of the mechanical resistance of iris seed capsules (in June 9.28 N and September 6.27 N for I. sibirica and in June 6.59 N and September 2.94 N for I. aphylla) and seeds (in June 15.97 N and September 344.90 N for I. sibirica and in June 16.60 N and September 174.46 N for I. aphylla) showed significant differences between the terms and species. The PCA analysis revealed that the first variable was correlated with the occurrence of weevil foraging. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mononychus punctumalbum; Iris aphylla; Iris sibirica; capsule wall; seed; puncture test; precision agriculture; PCA analysis Mononychus punctumalbum; Iris aphylla; Iris sibirica; capsule wall; seed; puncture test; precision agriculture; PCA analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Śmigała, M.; Winiarczyk, K.; Dąbrowska, A.; Domaciuk, M.; Gancarz, M. Determination of the Influence of Mechanical Properties of Capsules and Seeds on the Susceptibility to Feeding of Mononychus pubctumalbum in Endangered Plant Species Iris aphylla L. and Iris sibirica L. Sensors 2021, 21, 2209. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21062209

AMA Style

Śmigała M, Winiarczyk K, Dąbrowska A, Domaciuk M, Gancarz M. Determination of the Influence of Mechanical Properties of Capsules and Seeds on the Susceptibility to Feeding of Mononychus pubctumalbum in Endangered Plant Species Iris aphylla L. and Iris sibirica L. Sensors. 2021; 21(6):2209. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21062209

Chicago/Turabian Style

Śmigała, Magdalena; Winiarczyk, Krystyna; Dąbrowska, Agnieszka; Domaciuk, Marcin; Gancarz, Marek. 2021. "Determination of the Influence of Mechanical Properties of Capsules and Seeds on the Susceptibility to Feeding of Mononychus pubctumalbum in Endangered Plant Species Iris aphylla L. and Iris sibirica L." Sensors 21, no. 6: 2209. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21062209

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