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Communication

Validation of Player and Ball Tracking with a Local Positioning System

1
Chair of Performance Analysis and Sports Informatics, Technical University Munich, 80992 Munich, Germany
2
Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits IIS, 90411 Nuremberg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Elena Simona Lohan
Sensors 2021, 21(4), 1465; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21041465
Received: 15 December 2020 / Revised: 8 February 2021 / Accepted: 16 February 2021 / Published: 20 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensor-Based Information for Personalized Exercise and Training)
The aim of this study was the validation of player and ball position measurements of Kinexon’s local positioning system (LPS) in handball and football. Eight athletes conducted a sport-specific course (SSC) and small sided football games (SSG), simultaneously tracked by the LPS and an infrared camera-based motion capture system as reference system. Furthermore, football shots and handball throws were performed to evaluate ball tracking. The position root mean square error (RMSE) for player tracking was 9 cm for SSCs, the instantaneous peak speed showed a percentage deviation from the reference system of 0.7–1.7% for different exercises. The RMSE for SSGs was 8 cm. Covered distance was overestimated by 0.6% in SSCs and 1.0% in SSGs. The 2D RMSE of ball tracking was 15 cm in SSGs, 3D position errors of shot and throw impact locations were 17 cm and 21 cm. The methodology for the validation of a system’s accuracy in sports tracking requires extensive attention, especially in settings covering both, player and ball measurements. Most tracking errors for player tracking were smaller or in line with errors found for comparable systems in the literature. Ball tracking showed a larger error than player tracking. Here, the influence of the positioning of the sensor must be further reviewed. In total, the accuracy of Kinexon’s LPS has proven to represent the current state of the art for player and ball position detection in team sports. View Full-Text
Keywords: validity; accuracy; local positioning system; player tracking; ball tracking; position; speed; acceleration; team sports validity; accuracy; local positioning system; player tracking; ball tracking; position; speed; acceleration; team sports
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MDPI and ACS Style

Blauberger, P.; Marzilger, R.; Lames, M. Validation of Player and Ball Tracking with a Local Positioning System. Sensors 2021, 21, 1465. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21041465

AMA Style

Blauberger P, Marzilger R, Lames M. Validation of Player and Ball Tracking with a Local Positioning System. Sensors. 2021; 21(4):1465. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21041465

Chicago/Turabian Style

Blauberger, Patrick, Robert Marzilger, and Martin Lames. 2021. "Validation of Player and Ball Tracking with a Local Positioning System" Sensors 21, no. 4: 1465. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21041465

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