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Article

Design and Analysis of Super Wideband Antenna for Microwave Applications

1
School of ECE, REVA University, Bangalore 560064, India
2
MMRFIC Technology Private Limited, Bangalore 560016, India
3
Department of Electronics & Communication, Manipal institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka 576104, India
4
Discipline of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041, South Africa
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2021, 21(2), 477; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21020477
Received: 13 November 2020 / Revised: 18 December 2020 / Accepted: 4 January 2021 / Published: 12 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Communications)
In this article, a compact concentric structured monopole patch antenna for super wideband (SWB) application is proposed and investigated. The essential characteristics of the designed antenna are: (i) to attain super-wide bandwidth characteristics, the proposed antenna is emerged from a traditional circular monopole antenna and has obtained an impedance bandwidth of 38.9:1 (ii) another important characteristic of the presented antenna is its larger bandwidth dimension ratio (BDR) value of 6596 that is accomplished by augmenting the electrical length of the patch. The electrical dimension of the proposed antenna is 0.18λ×0.16λ (λ corresponds to the lower end operating frequency). The designed antenna achieves a frequency range from 1.22 to 47.5 GHz with a fractional bandwidth of 190% and exhibiting S11 < −10 dB in simulation. For validating the simulated outcomes, the antenna model is fabricated and measured. Good conformity is established between measured and simulated results. Measured frequency ranges from 1.25 to 40 GHz with a fractional bandwidth of 188%, BDR of 6523 and S11 < −10 dB. Even though the presented antenna operates properly over the frequency range from 1.22 to 47.5 GHz, the results of the experiment are measured till 40 GHz because of the high-frequency constraint of the existing Vector Network Analyzer (VNA). The designed SWB antenna has the benefit of good gain, concise dimension, and wide bandwidth above the formerly reported antenna structures. Simulated gain varies from 0.5 to 10.3 dBi and measured gain varies from 0.2 to 9.7 dBi. Frequency domain, as well as time-domain characterization, has been realized to guide the relevance of the proposed antenna in SWB wireless applications. Furthermore, an equivalent circuit model of the proposed antenna is developed, and the response of the circuit is obtained. The presented antenna can be employed in L, S, C, X, Ka, K, Ku, and Q band wireless communication systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: bandwidth dimension ratio (BDR); fidelity factor (FF); group delay; super wideband (SWB); semi-elliptical bandwidth dimension ratio (BDR); fidelity factor (FF); group delay; super wideband (SWB); semi-elliptical
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MDPI and ACS Style

Balani, W.; Sarvagya, M.; Samasgikar, A.; Ali, T.; Kumar, P. Design and Analysis of Super Wideband Antenna for Microwave Applications. Sensors 2021, 21, 477. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21020477

AMA Style

Balani W, Sarvagya M, Samasgikar A, Ali T, Kumar P. Design and Analysis of Super Wideband Antenna for Microwave Applications. Sensors. 2021; 21(2):477. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21020477

Chicago/Turabian Style

Balani, Warsha, Mrinal Sarvagya, Ajit Samasgikar, Tanweer Ali, and Pradeep Kumar. 2021. "Design and Analysis of Super Wideband Antenna for Microwave Applications" Sensors 21, no. 2: 477. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21020477

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