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Review

Textile-Based Sensors for Biosignal Detection and Monitoring

1
Center for Science and Education, Institute of Physics, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
2
Virtual Institute of Applied Research on Advanced Materials (VIARAM)
3
Faculty of Engineering and Mathematics, Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, 33619 Bielefeld, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Patricia Dolez, Hyun-Joong Chung and Mojtaba Kahrizi
Sensors 2021, 21(18), 6042; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21186042
Received: 26 July 2021 / Revised: 16 August 2021 / Accepted: 7 September 2021 / Published: 9 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Textile-Based Sensors: E-textiles, Devices, and Integrated Systems)
Biosignals often have to be detected in sports or for medical reasons. Typical biosignals are pulse and ECG (electrocardiogram), breathing, blood pressure, skin temperature, oxygen saturation, bioimpedance, etc. Typically, scientists attempt to measure these biosignals noninvasively, i.e., with electrodes or other sensors, detecting electric signals, measuring optical or chemical information. While short-time measurements or monitoring of patients in a hospital can be performed by systems based on common rigid electrodes, usually containing a large amount of wiring, long-term measurements on mobile patients or athletes necessitate other equipment. Here, textile-based sensors and textile-integrated data connections are preferred to avoid skin irritations and other unnecessary limitations of the monitored person. In this review, we give an overview of recent progress in textile-based electrodes for electrical measurements and new developments in textile-based chemical and other sensors for detection and monitoring of biosignals. View Full-Text
Keywords: ECG; EMG; sweat; health condition; health status; elderly; firefighters; sportsman ECG; EMG; sweat; health condition; health status; elderly; firefighters; sportsman
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MDPI and ACS Style

Blachowicz, T.; Ehrmann, G.; Ehrmann, A. Textile-Based Sensors for Biosignal Detection and Monitoring. Sensors 2021, 21, 6042. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21186042

AMA Style

Blachowicz T, Ehrmann G, Ehrmann A. Textile-Based Sensors for Biosignal Detection and Monitoring. Sensors. 2021; 21(18):6042. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21186042

Chicago/Turabian Style

Blachowicz, Tomasz, Guido Ehrmann, and Andrea Ehrmann. 2021. "Textile-Based Sensors for Biosignal Detection and Monitoring" Sensors 21, no. 18: 6042. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21186042

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